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    @gamebridgeai/ts_serialize
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    2.0.3 • Public • Published

    🥣 ts_serialize

    tests release deno doc License: MIT

    A zero dependency library for serializing data.

    ts_serialize can help you with:

    1. Converting camelCase class members to snake_case JSON properties for use with a REST API
    2. Excluding internal fields from REST API payloads
    3. Converting data types to an internal format, for example: Date's

    Supported Serialized Types:

    Installing

    ts_serialize supports both deno and node.

    Deno

    export what you need from https://deno.land/x/ts_serialize/mod.ts

    The examples in this README pull from our develop branch. You would want to "pin" to a particular version which is compatible with the version of Deno you are using and has a fixed set of APIs you would expect. https://deno.land/x/ supports using git tags in the URL to direct you at a particular version. So to use version 2.0.0 of ts_serialize you would want to import https://deno.land/x/ts_serialize@v2.0.0/mod.ts.

    Node

    Install with npm i @gamebridgeai/ts_serialize or yarn add @gamebridgeai/ts_serialize

    Using Serializable and SerializeProperty()

    To quickly get started extend Serializable with your class and add the property decorator SerializeProperty() to any class property you want in the serialization process.

    import { Serializable, SerializeProperty } from "./mod.ts";
    
    class MyClass extends Serializable {
      @SerializeProperty()
      public myProperty = "Hello world!";
    }

    Serializable Methods

    Serializable will add 5 methods. Each method has an implementable interface if you wish to provide your own functionality.

    • fromJSON

      Takes one argument, the JSON string or JSONObject to deserialize creating an object. fromJSON will perform provided tsTransformKey operations and strategy value transformations.

    • toJSON

      Converts the model to a JSON string and will perform provided tsTransformKey operations and strategy value transformations.

    • clone

      Returns a new reference of the object with all properties cloned, an optional parameter can be provided which is a Partial<T> where T is your class.

    • tsSerialize

      Converts the model to "Plain old Javascript object" with any provided tsTransformKey or value transformations

    • tsTransformKey

      Called against every key and has one parameter, the key to transform. The return value is a string. The default is to return the original parameter name. Key transformations will be inherited by children classes. Children classes can also override their parent tsTransformKey function.

    With this in mind we can write a more complex example. We'll make a base class that provides a key transformation then add child classes.

    import { Serializable, SerializeProperty, TransformKey } from "./mod.ts";
    
    abstract class Base extends Serializable implements TransformKey {
      public tsTransformKey(key: string): string {
        return `__${key}__`;
      }
    }
    
    class Parent extends Base {
      @SerializeProperty()
      public parentProperty = "Hello world!";
    }
    
    class ChildOne extends Parent {
      @SerializeProperty()
      public childOneProperty = "Ahoy hoy world!";
    }
    
    class ChildTwo extends Parent implements TransformKey {
      @SerializeProperty()
      public childTwoProperty = "Good Day world!";
    
      @SerializeProperty("myCustomName")
      public childTwoPropertyTwo = "Howdy world!";
    
      public tsTransformKey(key: string): string {
        return `--${key}--`;
      }
    }

    Passing a string or a function that returns a string as an argument to SerializeProperty() causes the property to use that name as the key when serialized. The function has one parameter, the key as string and should return a string.

    Inherited classes override the key when serializing. If you override a property any value used for that key will be overridden by the child value. With collisions the child always overrides the parent

    SerializeProperty() options

    SerializeProperty() also excepts an optional options object with the properties

    • serializedKey

      (Optional) {string | ToSerializedKeyStrategy} A string value or function that has one parameter, the property key, and returns a string. The resulting value is used as the key in the serialized object

    • toJSONStrategy

      (Optional) {ToJSONStrategy} A function that has one parameter, the class property value and returns a value to be used when serialized as JSON

    • fromJSONStrategy

      (Optional) {FromJSONStrategy} A function that has one parameter, the JSON property value and returns a value to be used when serialized as a class

    Strategies

    Strategies are functions or a composed list of functions to execute on the values when serializing or deserializing. The functions take one argument which is the value to process.

    import { Serializable, SerializeProperty } from "./mod.ts";
    
    const fromJSONStrategy = (v: string): BigInt => BigInt(v);
    const toJSONStrategy = (v: BigInt): string => v.toString();
    
    class Test extends Serializable {
      @SerializeProperty({
        serializedKey: "big_int",
        fromJSONStrategy,
        toJSONStrategy,
      })
      bigInt!: BigInt;
    }

    toJSONStrategy and fromJSONStrategy can use composeStrategy to build out strategies with multiple functions.

    import { composeStrategy, Serializable, SerializeProperty } from "./mod.ts";
    
    const addWord = (word: string) => (v: string) => `${v} ${word}`;
    const shout = (v: string) => `${v}!!!`;
    
    class Test extends Serializable {
      @SerializeProperty({
        fromJSONStrategy: composeStrategy(addWord("World"), shout),
      })
      property!: string;
    }

    Dates

    Dates can use the fromJSONStrategy to revive a serialized string into a Date object. ts_serialize provides a iso8601Date function to parse ISO Dates.

    import { iso8601Date, Serializable, SerializeProperty } from "./mod.ts";
    
    class Test extends Serializable {
      @SerializeProperty({
        fromJSONStrategy: iso8601Date(),
      })
      date!: Date;
    }

    createDateStrategy() can be used to make a reviving date strategy. Pass a regex to make your own. The example below uses a yyyy-mm-dd format to construct a Date

    import { createDateStrategy, Serializable, SerializeProperty } from "./mod.ts";
    class Test extends Serializable {
      @SerializeProperty({
        fromJSONStrategy: createDateStrategy(/^(\d{4})-(\d{2})-(\d{2})$/),
      })
      date!: Date;
    }

    Short cutting the @SerializeProperty decorator

    While @SerializeProperty is handy with to and from JSON strategies, it can still be verbose to declare the strategies for each property. You can define your own decorator functions to wrap @SerializeProperty and provide the toJSONStrategy and fromJSONStrategy. An example short cut is providing a type to use with toSerializable. getNewSerializable is provided to allow a raw serializable type or a function that returns a constructed serializable type enabling constructor arguments:

    import {
      getNewSerializable,
      Serializable,
      SerializeProperty,
      toSerializable,
    } from "./mod.ts";
    
    function DeserializeAs(
      type: unknown,
    ): PropertyDecorator {
      return SerializeProperty({
        fromJSONStrategy: toSerializable(() => getNewSerializable(type)),
      });
    }
    
    class A extends Serializable {
      @SerializeProperty("property_a")
      public property = "";
    }
    
    class B extends Serializable {
      @DeserializeAs(A)
      public property = new A();
    
      public otherProperty = "";
    
      constructor({ otherProperty = "" }: Partial<B> = {}) {
        super();
        this.otherProperty = otherProperty;
      }
    }
    
    class C extends Serializable {
      @DeserializeAs(() => new B({ otherProperty: "From Class C" }))
      public property = new B();
    }

    Polymorphism

    The @PolymorphicResolver and @PolymorphicSwitch decorators can be used to cleanly handle deserializing abstract types into their constituent implementations.

    PolymorphicSwitch()

    The @PolymorphicSwitch() decorator is a quick way to serialize simple polymorphic types based on the properties of a child class.

    Note that @PolymorphicSwitch() can only be applied to child classes deserializing from their direct parent class.

    Properties decorated with @PolymorphicSwitch() must also be serializable properties. The from JSON strategy and associated serialized key of that property will be used when comparing the value.

    import {
      polymorphicClassFromJSON,
      PolymorphicSwitch,
      Serializable,
      SerializeProperty,
    } from "./mod.ts";
    
    enum Colour {
      RED = "RED",
      BLUE = "BLUE",
    }
    
    abstract class MyColourClass extends Serializable {}
    
    class MyRedClass extends MyColourClass {
      @SerializeProperty()
      @PolymorphicSwitch(() => new MyRedClass(), Colour.RED)
      public colour = Colour.RED;
    
      @SerializeProperty()
      public crimson = false;
    }
    
    const redClass = polymorphicClassFromJSON(
      MyColourClass,
      `{"colour":"RED","crimson":true}`,
    );

    You can also provide a test function instead of a value to check if the value for the annotated property satisfies a more complex condition:

    import {
      polymorphicClassFromJSON,
      PolymorphicSwitch,
      Serializable,
      SerializeProperty,
    } from "./mod.ts";
    
    abstract class Currency extends Serializable {}
    
    class DollarCurrency extends Currency {
      @SerializeProperty()
      @PolymorphicSwitch(() => new DollarCurrency(), "$")
      public currencySymbol = "$";
    
      @SerializeProperty()
      public amount = 0;
    }
    
    class OtherCurrency extends Currency {
      @SerializeProperty()
      @PolymorphicSwitch(
        () => new OtherCurrency(),
        (value) => value !== "$",
      )
      public currencySymbol = "";
    
      @SerializeProperty()
      public amount = 0;
    }
    
    const currencyClass = polymorphicClassFromJSON(
      Currency,
      `{"currencySymbol":"£","amount":300}`,
    );

    Multiple @PolymorphicSwitch annotations can be applied to a single class, if necessary

    import {
      polymorphicClassFromJSON,
      PolymorphicSwitch,
      Serializable,
      SerializeProperty,
    } from "./mod.ts";
    
    abstract class MyAbstractClass extends Serializable {}
    
    class MyClass extends MyAbstractClass {
      @SerializeProperty()
      @PolymorphicSwitch(() => new MyClass(), "$")
      @PolymorphicSwitch(() => new MyClass(), "dollar")
      @PolymorphicSwitch(
        () => new MyClass(),
        (value) => typeof value === "string" && value.includes("dollars"),
      )
      public myProperty = "$";
    
      @SerializeProperty()
      public amount = 0;
    }
    
    const myClass1 = polymorphicClassFromJSON(
      MyAbstractClass,
      `{"myProperty":"300 dollars"}`,
    );
    
    const myClass2 = polymorphicClassFromJSON(
      MyAbstractClass,
      `{"myProperty":"dollar"}`,
    );

    Polymorphic Resolver

    The following example shows how the @PolymorphicResolver decorator can be used to directly determine the type of an abstract class implementor, which will then be used when deserializing JSON input.

    import {
      polymorphicClassFromJSON,
      PolymorphicResolver,
      Serializable,
      SerializeProperty,
    } from "./mod.ts";
    
    enum Colour {
      RED = "RED",
      BLUE = "BLUE",
    }
    
    abstract class MyColourClass extends Serializable {
      @SerializeProperty()
      public colour?: Colour;
    
      @PolymorphicResolver()
      public static resolvePolymorphic(input: string): MyColourClass {
        const colourClass = new PolymorphicColourClass().fromJSON(input);
    
        switch (colourClass.colour) {
          case Colour.RED:
            return new MyRedClass();
          case Colour.BLUE:
            return new MyBlueClass();
          default:
            throw new Error(`Unknown Colour ${colourClass.colour}`);
        }
      }
    }
    
    class PolymorphicColourClass extends MyColourClass {}
    
    class MyRedClass extends MyColourClass {
      @SerializeProperty()
      private crimson = false;
    
      public isCrimson(): boolean {
        return this.crimson;
      }
    }
    
    class MyBlueClass extends MyColourClass {
      @SerializeProperty()
      private aqua = false;
    
      public isAqua(): boolean {
        return this.aqua;
      }
    }
    
    const redClass = polymorphicClassFromJSON(
      MyColourClass,
      `{"colour":"RED","crimson":true}`,
    );

    Built With

    Contributing

    We have provided resources to help you request a new feature or report and fix a bug.

    • CONTRIBUTING.md - for guidelines when requesting a feature or reporting a bug or opening a pull request
    • DEVELOPMENT.md - for instructions on setting up the environment and running the test suite
    • CODE_OF_CONDUCT.md - for community guidelines

    Versioning

    We use SemVer for versioning.

    Authors

    See also the list of contributors who participated in this project.

    License

    This project is licensed under the MIT License - see the LICENSE file for details

    Acknowledgments

    Install

    npm i @gamebridgeai/ts_serialize

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    7

    Version

    2.0.3

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    92.4 kB

    Total Files

    57

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • gamebridgeai