@fastify/session
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    10.0.0 • Public • Published

    @fastify/session

    CI NPM version js-standard-style

    A session plugin for fastify. Requires the fastify-cookie plugin.

    NOTE: This is the continuation of fastify-session which is unmaintained by now. All work credit till e201f7 commit goes to SerayaEryn and contributors.

    Install

    npm i @fastify/session
    

    Usage

    const fastify = require('fastify');
    const fastifySession = require('@fastify/session');
    const fastifyCookie = require('fastify-cookie');
    
    const app = fastify();
    app.register(fastifyCookie);
    app.register(fastifySession, {secret: 'a secret with minimum length of 32 characters'});

    Store data in the session by adding it to the session decorator at the request:

    app.register(fastifySession, {secret: 'a secret with minimum length of 32 characters'});
    app.addHook('preHandler', (request, reply, next) => {
      request.session.user = {name: 'max'};
      next();
    })

    NOTE: For all unencrypted (HTTP) connections, you need to set the secure cookie option to false. See below for all cookie options and their details. The session object has methods that allow you to get, save, reload and delete sessions.

    app.register(fastifySession, {secret: 'a secret with minimum length of 32 characters'});
    app.addHook('preHandler', (request, reply, next) => {
      request.session.destroy(next);
    })

    Examples

    API

    session(fastify, options, next)

    The session plugin accepts the following options. It decorates the request with the sessionStore and a session object. The session data is stored server-side using the configured session store.

    options

    secret (required)

    The secret used to sign the cookie. Must be an array of strings or a string with a length of 32 or greater or a custom signer.

    If an array, the first secret is used to sign new cookies and is the first to be checked for incoming cookies. Further secrets in the array are used to check incoming cookies in the order specified.

    For a custom signer see the documentation of @fastify/cookie

    Note that the rest of the application may manipulate the array during its life cycle. This can be done by storing the array in a separate variable that is later used with mutating methods like unshift(), pop(), splice(), etc. This can be used to rotate the signing secret at regular intervals. A secret should remain somewhere in the array as long as there are active sessions with cookies signed by it. Secrets management is left up to the rest of the application.

    cookieName (optional)

    The name of the session cookie. Defaults to sessionId.

    cookiePrefix (optional)

    Prefix for the value of the cookie. This is useful for compatibility with express-session, which prefixes all cookies with "s:". Defaults to "".

    cookie

    The options object is used to generate the Set-Cookie header of the session cookie. May have the following properties:

    • path - The Path attribute. Defaults to / (the root path).
    • maxAge - A number in milliseconds that specifies the Expires attribute by adding the specified milliseconds to the current date. If both expires and maxAge are set, then maxAge is used.
    • rolling - Forces the session identifier cookie to be set on every response. The expiration is reset to the original maxAge - effectively resetting the cookie lifetime. This is typically used in conjuction with short, non-session-length maxAge values to provide a quick expiration of the session data with reduced potential of session expiration occurring during ongoing server interactions. Defaults to true.
    • httpOnly - The boolean value of the HttpOnly attribute. Defaults to true.
    • secure - The boolean value of the Secure attribute. Set this option to false when communicating over an unencrypted (HTTP) connection. Value can be set to auto; in this case, the Secure attribute will be set to false for an HTTP request. In the case of HTTPS, it will be set to true. Defaults to true.
    • expires - The expiration date used for the Expires attribute. If both expires and maxAge are set, then maxAge is used.
    • sameSite- The boolean or string of the SameSite attribute. Using Secure mode with auto attribute will change the behavior of the SameSite attribute in http mode. The SameSite attribute will automatically be set to Lax with an http request. See this link.
    • domain - The Domain attribute.
    store

    A session store. Needs the following methods:

    • set(sessionId, session, callback)
    • get(sessionId, callback)
    • destroy(sessionId, callback)

    Compatible to stores from express-session.

    Defaults to a simple in-memory store. Note: The default store should not be used in a production environment because it will leak memory.

    saveUninitialized (optional)

    Save sessions to the store, even when they are new and not modified— defaults to true. Setting this to false can save storage space and comply with the EU cookie law.

    idGenerator(request) (optional)

    Function used to generate new session IDs. Custom implementation example:

    const uid = require('uid-safe').sync
    
    idGenerator: (request) => {
         if (request.session.returningVisitor) return `returningVisitor-${uid(24)}`
         else return uid(24)
    }

    request.session

    Allows to access or modify the session data.

    Session#destroy(callback)

    Allows to destroy the session in the store. If you do not pass a callback, a Promise will be returned.

    Session#touch()

    Updates the expires property of the session's cookie.

    Session#regenerate(callback)

    Regenerates the session by generating a new sessionId and persist it to the store. If you do not pass a callback, a Promise will be returned.

    fastify.get('/regenerate', (request, reply, done) => {
      request.session.regenerate(error => {
        if (error) {
          done(error);
          return;
        }
        reply.send(request.session.sessionId);
      });
    });

    Session#reload(callback)

    Reloads the session data from the store and re-populates the request.session object. If you do not pass a callback, a Promise will be returned.

    Session#save(callback)

    Save the session back to the store, replacing the contents on the store with the contents in memory. If you do not pass a callback, a Promise will be returned.

    Session#get(key)

    Gets a value from the session

    Session#set(key, value)

    Sets a value in the session

    fastify.decryptSession(sessionId, request, cookieOptions, next)

    This plugin also decorates the fastify instance with decryptSession in case you want to decrypt the session manually.

    const { sessionId } = fastify.parseCookie(cookieHeader);
    const request = {}
    fastify.decryptSession(sessionId, request, () => {
      // request.session should be available here
    })
    
    // or decrypt with custom cookie options:
    fastify.decryptSession(sessionId, request, { maxAge: 86400 }, () => {
      // ...
    })

    Typescript support:

    This plugin supports typescript, and you can extend fastify module to add your custom session type.

    declare module "fastify" {
        interface Session {
            user_id: string
            other_key: your_prefer_type
            id?: number
        }
    }

    While this plugin can be used with express-session compatible stores, the type definitions of some stores might be tied to express-session, which means that casting to any might be required. For example:

    import fastifySession from '@fastify/session'
    import fastify from 'fastify'
    import Redis from 'ioredis'
    import connectRedis from 'connect-redis'
    
    const RedisStore = connectRedis(fastifySession as any)
    const redisClient = new Redis(redisConfig)
    
    const server = fastify()
    server.register(fastifySession, {
      store: new RedisStore({
        client: redisClient,
        // ... other options
      }) as any,
      // ... other options
    })

    License

    MIT

    Install

    npm i @fastify/session

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    4,652

    Version

    10.0.0

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    33.3 kB

    Total Files

    10

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