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@fanoutio/connect-grip
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0.1.0-beta.11 • Public • Published

connect-grip

GRIP library for Node.js, provided as connect-compatible middleware.

Therefore, this library is usable with frameworks such as the following:

Supported GRIP servers include:

Authors: Katsuyuki Ohmuro kats@fanout.io, Konstantin Bokarius kon@fanout.io

Introduction

GRIP is a protocol that enables a web service to delegate realtime push behavior to a proxy component, using HTTP and headers.

connect-grip parses the Grip-Sig header in any requests to detect if they came through a Grip proxy, and provides your route handler with tools to handle such requests. This includes access to information about whether the current request is proxied or is signed, as well as methods to issue any hold instructions to the GRIP proxy.

Additionally, connect-grip also handles WebSocket-Over-HTTP processing so that WebSocket connections managed by the GRIP proxy can be controlled by your route handlers.

Installation

Install the library.

npm install @fanoutio/connect-grip

Installation in Connect / Express

Import the ConnectGrip class and instantiate the middleware. Then install it before your routes.

Example:

import { express } from "express";
import { ConnectGrip } from '@fanoutio/connect-grip';

const app = express();

const connectGrip = new ConnectGrip(/* config */);
app.use( connectGrip ); 

app.use( '/path', (res, req) => {

    if (req.grip.isProxied) {
        const gripInstruct = res.grip.startInstruct();
        gripInstruct.addChannel('test');
        gripInstruct.setHoldStream();
        res.end('[stream open]\n');
    }

});

app.listen(3000);

Installation in Next.js

You may use this library to add GRIP functionality to your Next.js API Routes.

Import the ConnectGrip class and instantiate the middleware, and then run it in your handler before your application logic by calling the async function connectGrip.run().

Example: /lib/grip.js:

import { ConnectGrip } from '@fanoutio/connect-grip';
export const connectGrip = new ConnectGrip(/* config */);

/pages/api/path.js:

import { connectGrip } from '/lib/grip';

export default async(req, res) => {
    // Run the middleware
    await connectGrip.run(req, res);

    if (req.grip.isProxied) {
        const gripInstruct = res.grip.startInstruct();
        gripInstruct.addChannel('test');
        gripInstruct.setHoldStream();
        res.end('[stream open]\n');
    }

}

Note: In Next.js, you must specifically call the middleware from each of your applicable API routes. This is because in Next.js, your API routes will typically run on a serverless platform, and objects will be recycled after each request. You are advised to construct a singleton instance of the middleware in a shared location and reference it from your API routes.

Configuration

connect-grip exports a constructor function, ConnectGrip. This constructor takes a configuration object that can be used to configure the instance, such as the GRIP proxies to use for publishing or whether incoming requests should require a GRIP proxy.

import { ConnectGrip } from '@fanoutio/connect-grip';
const connectGrip = new ConnectGrip({
    grip: {
        control_uri: 'https://api.fanout.io/realm/<realm-name>/publish/', // Publishing endpoint
        control_iss: '<realm-name>', // (optional) Needed for servers that require authorization
        key: '<realm-key>',          // (optinoal) Needed for servers that require authorization
    },
    isGripProxyRequired: true,
});

Available options:

Key Value
grip A definition of GRIP proxies used to publish messages, or a preconfigured Publisher object from @fanoutio/grip. See below for details.
gripProxyRequired A boolean value representing whether all incoming requests should require that they be called behind a GRIP proxy. If this is true and a GRIP proxy is not detected, then a 501 Not Implemented error will be issued. Defaults to false.
prefix An optional string that will be prepended to the name of channels being published to. This can be used for namespacing. Defaults to ''.

In most cases your application will construct a singleton instance of this class and use it as the middleware.

The grip parameter may be provided as any of the following:

  1. An object with the following fields:
Key Value
control_uri Publishing endpoint for the GRIP proxy.
control_iss A claim string that is needed for servers that require authorization. For Fanout Cloud, this is the Realm ID.
key A key string that is needed for servers that require authorization. For Fanout Cloud, this is the Realm Key.
  1. An array of such objects.

  2. A GRIP URI, which is a string that encodes the above as a single string.

  3. A Publisher object that you have instantiated and configrued yourself, from @fanoutio/grip.

Handling a route

After the middleware has run, your handler will receive req and res objects that have been extended with grip properties. These provide access to the following:

Key Description
req.grip.isProxied A boolean value indicating whether the current request has been called via a GRIP proxy.
req.grip.isSigned A boolean value indicating whether the current request is a signed request called via a GRIP proxy.
req.grip.wsContext If the current request has been made through WebSocket-Over-HTTP, then a WebSocketContext object for the current request. See @fanoutio/grip for details on WebSocketContext.
Key Description
res.grip.startInstruct() Returns an instance of GripInstruct, which can be used to issue instructions to the GRIP proxy to hold connections. See @fanoutio/grip for details on GripInstruct.

To publish messages, call connectGrip.getPublisher() to obtain a Publisher. Use it to publish messages using the endpoints and prefix specified to the ConnectGrip constructor.

Key Description
connectGrip.getPublisher() Returns an instance of Publisher, which can be used to publish messages to the provided publishing endpoints using the provided prefix. See @fanoutio/grip for details on Publisher.

Examples

This repository contains examples to illustrate the use of connect-grip in Connect / Express and Next.js, which can be found in the examples directory. For details on each example, please read the README.md files in the corresponding directories.

Advanced

Next.js alternative invocation

As an alternative method of running connectGrip in a Next.js API route, since connectGrip is connect-compatible, you may use the process described in API Middlewares. This may be useful for example if you have multiple middlewares and you wish to call them in a uniform manner.

Example: /lib/grip.js:

import { ConnectGrip } from '@fanoutio/connect-grip';
export const connectGrip = new ConnectGrip(/* config */);

// Helper method to wait for a middleware to execute before continuing
// And to throw an error when an error happens in a middleware
// https://nextjs.org/docs/api-routes/api-middlewares#connectexpress-middleware-support
export function runMiddleware(req, res, fn) {
    return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
        fn(req, res, (result) => {
            if (result instanceof Error) {
                return reject(result)
            }

            return resolve(result)
        })
    })
}

/pages/api/path.js:

import { connectGrip, runMiddleware } from '/lib/grip';

export default async(req, res) => {

    // Run the middleware
    await runMiddleware(req, res, connectGrip);

    if (req.grip.isProxied) {
        const gripInstruct = res.grip.startInstruct();
        gripInstruct.addChannel('test');
        gripInstruct.setHoldStream();
        res.end('[stream open]\n');
    }

}

Changes from express-grip

If you have used express-grip in the past, you will notice that this library no longer requires the use of pre-route and post-route middlewares. Consequently, you do not need to call next() for route handlers that complete their work. In fact, you should follow the standard practice of calling res.end() at the end of each of your route handlers.

Install

npm i @fanoutio/connect-grip

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Version

0.1.0-beta.11

License

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