@ethereum-sourcify/contract-call-decoder
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0.2.11 • Public • Published

contract-call-decoder

Package to decode Ethereum transactions into human-readable format using the ABI JSON and the NatSpec documentation, which are both found in the Solidity contract metadata.

The decoder will also evaluate the NatSpec Dynamic Expressions meaning it will fill in the values of the parameters found in the call. So for the function:

/// @dev Has to be called by the owner. The _index value `_index` can't be larger than the people array length.
function chooseFavoritePerson(uint256 _index) public returns (Person memory, uint) {

the decoding of chooseFavoritePerson(1) call will be:

Has to be called by the owner. The _index value 1 can't be larger than the people array length.

Install

yarn add @ethereum-sourcify/contract-call-decoder

Usage

Example below given for the chooseFavoritePerson(3) method of the contract SimpleStorageNatSpec (verified at Sepolia 0x09aFa1879fa654226D522f7099583d54ee8F18f4)

import {
  decodeContractCall,
  MetadataSources,
} from '@ethereum-sourcify/contract-call-decoder';

// ethers and web3 transactions are compatible
const tx = {
  to: '0x09aFa1879fa654226D522f7099583d54ee8F18f4',
  data: '0xae7cd3ce0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001', // chooseFavoritePerson(3)
};

// Using metadata fetched from Sourcify API https://repo.sourcify.dev...
let decodedObj: DecodedContractCall;

// async function
decodedObj = await decodeContractCall(tx, { chainId: 11155111 });

import provider from 'eth-provider';

// Using metadata fetched from the embeded IPFS hash inside contract's bytecode
decodedObj = await decodeContractCall(tx, {
  source: MetadataSources.BytecodeMetadata,
  rpcProvider: provider('https://rpc.sepolia.dev');, // RPC Provider to fetch the contract bytecode
});

Returned DecodedContractCall is slightly different than the userdoc and devdoc output in the metadata and grouped under "contract" and the "method" being called.

// Output:
{
  "contract": {
    // @author field above the contract
    "author": "John Doe",
    // @title field above the contract
    "title": "A simple example contract to demonstrate NatSpec",
    // @dev field above the contract
    "details": "This message is intended for contract developers. Add technical details etc. here",
    // @custom:experimental
    "custom": {
      "experimental": "This is an experimental tag."
    }
  },
  "method": {
    // Required, Canonical function selector string
    "selector": "chooseFavoritePerson(uint256)",
    // Required
    "abi": {...},
    // @dev field above the function
    "details": "Has to be called by the owner. The _index value 1 can't be larger than the people array length.",
    // @param fields
    "params": {
      "_index": "The index of the favorite person"
    },
    // @return fields
    "returns": {
      "_0": "Newly chosen favorite Person",
      "_1": "The index of the new favorite Person",
    },
    // @notice field
    "notice": "Chooses the person at index 1 as the favorite person",
    // TODO: This output is incorrect?
    // Required
    "decodedParams": [
      1n,
    ],
    // @custom:status
    "custom": {
      "status": "production-ready"
    }
  }
}

Right now the contract-call-decoder uses @blossom-labs/rosette-radspec to interpret the notice, but it's experimental. This feature might change in the future.

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Install

npm i @ethereum-sourcify/contract-call-decoder

Weekly Downloads

3

Version

0.2.11

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

72.8 kB

Total Files

20

Last publish

Collaborators

  • ethereumci
  • chriseth