@electron/notarize
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2.3.0 • Public • Published

Electron Notarize

Notarize your Electron apps seamlessly for macOS

CircleCI status NPM package

Installation

# npm
npm install @electron/notarize --save-dev

# yarn
yarn add @electron/notarize --dev

What is app "notarization"?

From Apple's docs in XCode:

A notarized app is a macOS app that was uploaded to Apple for processing before it was distributed. When you export a notarized app from Xcode, it code signs the app with a Developer ID certificate and staples a ticket from Apple to the app. The ticket confirms that you previously uploaded the app to Apple.

On macOS 10.14 and later, the user can launch notarized apps when Gatekeeper is enabled. When the user first launches a notarized app, Gatekeeper looks for the app’s ticket online. If the user is offline, Gatekeeper looks for the ticket that was stapled to the app.

Apple has made this a hard requirement as of 10.15 (Catalina).

Prerequisites

For notarization, you need the following things:

  1. Xcode 10 or later installed on your Mac.
  2. An Apple Developer account.
  3. An app-specific password for your ADC account’s Apple ID.
  4. Your app may need to be signed with hardened-runtime, including the following entitlement:
    1. com.apple.security.cs.allow-jit

If you are using Electron 11 or below, you must add the com.apple.security.cs.allow-unsigned-executable-memory entitlement too. When using version 12+, this entitlement should not be applied as it increases your app's attack surface.

API

Method: notarize(opts): Promise<void>

  • options Object
    • tool String - The notarization tool to use, default is notarytool. Can be legacy or notarytool. notarytool is substantially (10x) faster and legacy is deprecated and will stop working on November 1st 2023.
    • appPath String - The absolute path to your .app file
    • There are different options for each tool: Notarytool
      • There are three authentication methods available: user name with password:
        • appleId String - The username of your apple developer account
        • appleIdPassword String - The app-specific password (not your Apple ID password).
        • teamId String - The team ID you want to notarize under.
      • ... or apiKey with apiIssuer:
        • appleApiKey String - Absolute path to the .p8 file containing the key. Required for JWT authentication. See Note on JWT authentication below.
        • appleApiKeyId String - App Store Connect API key ID, for example, T9GPZ92M7K. Required for JWT authentication. See Note on JWT authentication below.
        • appleApiIssuer String - Your App Store Connect API key issuer, for example, c055ca8c-e5a8-4836-b61d-aa5794eeb3f4. Required if appleApiKey is specified.
      • ... or keychain with keychainProfile:
        • keychain String (optional) - The name of the keychain or path to the keychain you stored notarization credentials in. If omitted, iCloud keychain is used by default.
        • keychainProfile String - The name of the profile you provided when storing notarization credentials.
    • ... or Legacy
      • appBundleId String - The app bundle identifier your Electron app is using. E.g. com.github.electron
      • ascProvider String (optional) - Your Team Short Name.
      • There are two authentication methods available: user name with password:
        • appleId String - The username of your apple developer account
        • appleIdPassword String - The app-specific password (not your Apple ID password).
      • ... or apiKey with apiIssuer:
        • appleApiKey String - Required for JWT authentication. See Note on JWT authentication below.
        • appleApiIssuer String - Issuer ID. Required if appleApiKey is specified.

Safety when using appleIdPassword

  1. Never hard code your password into your packaging scripts, use an environment variable at a minimum.
  2. It is possible to provide a keychain reference instead of your actual password (assuming that you have already logged into the Application Loader from Xcode). For example:
const password = `@keychain:"Application Loader: ${appleId}"`;

Another option is that you can add a new keychain item using either the Keychain Access app or from the command line using the security utility:

security add-generic-password -a "AC_USERNAME" -w <app_specific_password> -s "AC_PASSWORD"

where AC_USERNAME should be replaced with your Apple ID, and then in your code you can use:

const password = `@keychain:AC_PASSWORD`;

Notes on JWT authentication

You can obtain an API key from Appstore Connect. Create a key with App Manager access. Note down the Issuer ID and download the .p8 file. This file is your API key and comes with the name of AuthKey_<appleApiKeyId>.p8. This is the string you have to supply when calling notarize.

Based on the ApiKey, the legacy altool will look in the following places for that file:

  • ./private_keys
  • ~/private_keys
  • ~/.private_keys
  • ~/.appstoreconnect/private_keys

notarytool will not look for the key, and you must instead provide its path as the appleApiKey argument.

Notes on your Team Short Name

If you are a member of multiple teams or organizations, you have to tell Apple on behalf of which organization you're uploading. To find your team's short name), you can ask iTMSTransporter, which is part of the now deprecated Application Loader as well as the newer Transporter.

With Transporter installed, run:

/Applications/Transporter.app/Contents/itms/bin/iTMSTransporter -m provider -u APPLE_DEV_ACCOUNT -p APP_PASSWORD

Alternatively, with older versions of Xcode, run:

/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Applications/Application Loader.app/Contents/itms/bin/iTMSTransporter -m provider -u APPLE_DEV_ACCOUNT -p APP_PASSWORD

Notes on your teamId

If you use the new Notary Tool method with appleId/appleIdPassword you will need to set the teamId option. To get this ID, go to your Apple Developer Account, then click on "Membership details", and there you will find your Team ID. This link should get you there directly: https://developer.apple.com/account#MembershipDetailsCard

Debug

debug is used to display logs and messages. You can use export DEBUG=electron-notarize* to log additional debug information from this module.

Example Usage

import { notarize } from '@electron/notarize';

async function packageTask () {
  // Package your app here, and code sign with hardened runtime
  await notarize({
    appBundleId,
    appPath,
    appleId,
    appleIdPassword,
    ascProvider, // This parameter is optional
  });
}

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npm i @electron/notarize

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Version

2.3.0

License

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  • electron-cfa