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    7.4.6 • Public • Published


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    Define Mongoose models using TypeScript classes

    Basic usage

    import { prop, getModelForClass } from '@typegoose/typegoose';
    import * as mongoose from 'mongoose';
    class User {
      public name?: string;
      @prop({ type: () => [String] })
      public jobs?: string[];
    const UserModel = getModelForClass(User); // UserModel is a regular Mongoose Model with correct types
    (async () => {
      await mongoose.connect('mongodb://localhost:27017/', { useNewUrlParser: true, useUnifiedTopology: true, dbName: "test" });
      const { _id: id } = await UserModel.create({ name: 'JohnDoe', jobs: ['Cleaner'] } as User); // an "as" assertion, to have types for all properties
      const user = await UserModel.findById(id).exec();
      console.log(user); // prints { _id: 59218f686409d670a97e53e0, name: 'JohnDoe', __v: 0 }


    A common problem when using Mongoose with TypeScript is that you have to define both the Mongoose model and the TypeScript interface. If the model changes, you also have to keep the TypeScript interface file in sync or the TypeScript interface would not represent the real data structure of the model.

    Typegoose aims to solve this problem by defining only a TypeScript interface (class), which needs to be enhanced with special Typegoose decorators (like @prop).

    Under the hood it uses the Reflect & reflect-metadata API to retrieve the types of the properties, so redundancy can be significantly reduced.

    Instead of writing this:

    interface Car {
      model?: string;
    interface Job {
      title?: string;
      position?: string;
    interface User {
      name?: string;
      age!: number;
      job?: Job;
      car?: Car | string;
      preferences?: string[];
    const CarModel = mongoose.model('Car', {
      model: string,
    const UserModel = mongoose.model('User', {
      name: String,
      age: { type: Number, required: true },
      job: {
        title: String;
        position: String;
      car: { type: Schema.Types.ObjectId, ref: 'Car' },
      preferences: [{ type: String }]

    You can just write this:

    class Job {
      public title?: string;
      public position?: string;
    class Car {
      public model?: string;
    class User {
      public name?: string;
      @prop({ required: true })
      public age!: number;
      public job?: Job;
      @prop({ ref: () => Car })
      public car?: Ref<Car>;
      @prop({ type: () => [String] })
      public preferences?: string[];

    Extra Examples


    • TypeScript 3.9+
    • Node 10.15+
    • mongoose ^5.10.4
    • experimentalDecorators and emitDecoratorMetadata must be enabled in tsconfig.json
    • tsconfig option target being ES6

    Note: it is recommended to not use babel see here why


    npm i -s @typegoose/typegoose # install typegoose itself
    npm i -s mongoose # install peer-dependencie mongoose
    npm i -D @types/mongoose # install all types for mongoose - this is required for typegoose to work in typescript


    npm i -D
    npm test


    This Project should comply with Semver. It uses the Major.Minor.Fix standard (or in NPM terms, Major.Minor.Patch).

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