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1.6.0 • Public • Published


What's Electronegativity?

Electronegativity is a tool to identify misconfigurations and security anti-patterns in Electron-based applications.

It leverages AST and DOM parsing to look for security-relevant configurations, as described in the "Electron Security Checklist - A Guide for Developers and Auditors" whitepaper.

Software developers and security auditors can use this tool to detect and mitigate potential weaknesses and implementation bugs when developing applications using Electron. A good understanding of Electron (in)security is still required when using Electronegativity, as some of the potential issues detected by the tool require manual investigation.

If you're interested in Electron Security, have a look at our BlackHat 2017 research Electronegativity - A Study of Electron Security and keep an eye on the Doyensec's blog.

Electronegativity Demo


Major releases are pushed to NPM and can be simply installed using:

$ npm install @doyensec/electronegativity -g



$ electronegativity -h
Option Description
-V output the version number
-i, --input input (directory, .js, .html, .asar)
-l, --checks only run the specified checks, passed in csv format
-s, --severity only return findings with the specified level of severity or above
-c, --confidence only return findings with the specified level of confidence or above
-o, --output <filename[.csv or .sarif]> save the results to a file in csv or sarif format
-r, --relative show relative path for files
-v, --verbose show the description for the findings
-u, --upgrade run Electron upgrade checks, eg -u 7..8 to check upgrade from Electron 7 to 8
-h, --help output usage information

Using electronegativity to look for issues in a directory containing an Electron app:

$ electronegativity -i /path/to/electron/app

Using electronegativity to look for issues in an asar archive and saving the results in a csv file:

$ electronegativity -i /path/to/asar/archive -o result.csv

Using electronegativity when upgrading from one version of Electron to another to find breaking changes:

$ electronegativity -i /path/to/electron/app -v -u 7..8

Note: if you're running into the Fatal Error "JavaScript heap out of memory", you can run node using node --max-old-space-size=4096 electronegativity -i /path/to/asar/archive -o result.csv


You can also use electronegativity programmatically, using similar options as for the CLI:

const run = require('@doyensec/electronegativity')
// or: import run from '@doyensec/electronegativity';
  // input (directory, .js, .html, .asar)
  input: '/path/to/electron/app',
  // save the results to a file in csv or sarif format (optional)
  output: '/path/for/output/file,
  // true to save output as sarif, false to save as csv (optional)
  isSarif: false,
  // only run the specified checks
  customScan: ['dangerousfunctionsjscheck''remotemodulejscheck'],
  // only return findings with the specified level of severity or above (optional)
  severitySet: 'high',
  // only return findings with the specified level of confidence or above (optional)
  confidenceSet: 'certain',
  // show relative path for files (optional)
  isRelative: false,
  // run Electron upgrade checks, eg -u 7..8 to check upgrade from Electron 7 to 8 (optional)
  electronUpgrade: '7..8'
    .then(result => console.log(result))
    .catch(err => console.error(err));

The result contains the number of global and atomic checks, any errors encountered while parsing and an array of the issues found, like this:

  globalChecks: 6,
  atomicChecks: 36,
  errors: [
      file: 'ts/main/main.ts',
      sample: 'shell.openExternal(url);',
      location: { line: 328, column: 4 },
      description: 'Review the use of openExternal',
      properties: undefined,
      severity: { value: 2, name: 'MEDIUM', format: [Function: format] },
      confidence: { value: 0, name: 'TENTATIVE', format: [Function: format] },
      manualReview: true,
      shortenedURL: 'https://git.io/JeuMC'
      file: 'ts/main/main.ts',
      sample: 'const popup = new BrowserWindow(options);',
      location: { line: 340, column: 18 },
      description: 'Review the use of the contextIsolation option',
      properties: undefined,
      severity: { value: 3, name: 'HIGH', format: [Function: format] },
      confidence: { value: 1, name: 'FIRM', format: [Function: format] },
      manualReview: false,
      shortenedURL: 'https://git.io/Jeu1p'


If you're thinking about contributing to this project, please take a look at our CONTRIBUTING.md.


Electronegativity was made possible thanks to the work of many contributors.

This project has been sponsored by Doyensec LLC.

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npm i @doyensec/electronegativity

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