@dhmk/zustand-lens
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4.0.0 • Public • Published

@dhmk/zustand-lens

Lens support for zustand.

With this package you can easily manage nested state inside your main state. Lenses allow you to create isolated and reusable components.

A lens has a pair of functions set and get which have same signatures as zustand's functions, but they operate only on a particular slice of main state.

A quick comparison:

import create from "zustand";
import { withLenses, lens } from "@dhmk/zustand-lens";

create(
  withLenses((set, get) => {
    // write and read whole state

    return {
      subStore: lens((subSet, subGet) => {
        // write and read `subStore` state
      }),
    };
  })
);

Install

npm install @dhmk/zustand-lens

Usage

import { create } from 'zustand'
import { withLenses, lens } from '@dhmk/zustand-lens'

// set, get - global
const useStore = create(withLenses((set, get, api) => {
  return {
    // set, get - only for storeA
    storeA: lens((set, get, api) => ({
      data: ...,

      action: (arg) => set({data: arg})
    })),

    // set, get - only for storeB
    storeB: lens((set, get, api) => ({
      data: ...,

      action: (arg) => set({data: arg})
    })),

    globalStore: {
      data: ...,

      action: () => set({...}) // global setter
    }
  }
}))

// or use a shorter version if you don't need global `set` and `get`
create(withLenses({
  storeA: lens(...),
  storeB: lens(...)
}))

API

withLenses(config: (set, get, api) => T): T

withLenses(obj: T): T

Middleware function.

It calls config function with the same args as the default zustand's create function and then converts returned object expanding all lens instances to proper objects.

You can also provide a plain object instead of a function.

lens(fn: (set, get, api, context) => T): T

Creates a lens object.

The first two parameters set and get are functions which write and read a subset of global state relative to a place where lens is appeared. The third, api parameter is zustand store and the last parameter context is a lens context.

type LensContext<T, S> = {
  set: Setter<T>; // `set` parameter
  get: Getter<T>; // `get` parameter
  api: ResolveStoreApi<S>; // `api` parameter
  rootPath: ReadonlyArray<string>; // path from root level of state
  relativePath: ReadonlyArray<string>; // path from parent lens or root
  atomic: (fn: () => void) => void; // see `atomic` middleware
};

Setter has this signature: (value: Partial<T> | ((prev: T) => Partial<T>), replace?: boolean, ...args) => void. It passes unknown arguments to a top-level set function.

WARNING: you should not use return value of this function in your code. It returns opaque object that is transformed into a real object by withLenses function.

NOTE: this function used to throw an error if it was called outside withLenses function. It was meant for accenting, that lens can not be created dynamically after withLenses has been called. But it's fine to create lens beforehand, so I removed that error (1.0.3 and 2.0.3). Now you can call it like this:

const todosSlice = lens(() => ...)
const usersSlice = lens(() => ...)

const useStore = create(withLenses({
  todosSlice,
  usersSlice,
}))

Also, you can use type helper if you want to separate your function from lens wrapper:

import { Lens, lens } from "@dhmk/zustand-lens";

/*
type Lens<
  T,      // slice type
  S,      // store state type or store api type
  Setter  // `set` function type
>
*/

type MenuState = {
  isOpened: boolean;

  toggle(open);
};

// `set` and `get` are typed
const menuState: Lens<MenuState> = (set, get, api) => ({
  isOpened: false,

  toggle(open) {
    set({ isOpened: open });
  },
});

const menuSlice = lens(menuState);

createLens(set, get, path: string | string[]): [set, get]

Creates explicit lens object.

It takes set and get arguments and path and returns a pair of setter and getter which operates on a subset of parent state relative to path. You can chain lenses. Also, you can use this function as standalone, without withLenses middleware.

import { create } from "zustand";
import { createLens } from "@dhmk/zustand-lens";

const useStore = create((set, get) => {
  const lensA = createLens(set, get, "a");
  const lensB = createLens(...lensA, "b");
  const [setC] = createLens(...lensB, "c");

  return {
    a: {
      b: {
        c: {
          value: 111,
        },
      },
    },

    changeValue: (value) => setC({ value }),
  };
});

useStore.getState().changeValue(222);

console.log(useStore.getState());
/*
a: {
  b: {
    c: {
      value: 222
    }
  }
}
*/

Typescript

type Store = {
  id: number;
  name: string;

  nested: Nested;
};

type Nested = {
  text: string;
  isOk: boolean;

  toggle();
};

// option 1: type whole store
const store1 = create<Store>(
  withLenses({
    id: 123,
    name: "test",

    nested: lens((set) => ({
      text: "test",
      isOk: true,

      toggle() {
        set((p /* Nested */) => ({ isOk: !p.isOk }));
      },
    })),
  })
);

// option 2: type lens
const store2 = create(
  withLenses({
    id: 123,
    name: "test",

    nested: lens<Nested>((set) => ({
      text: "test",
      isOk: true,

      toggle() {
        set((p /* Nested */) => ({ isOk: !p.isOk }));
      },
    })),
  })
);

Immer

Immer is supported out-of-the-box. There is one caveat, however. Draft's type will be T and not Draft<T>. You can either add it yourself, or just don't use readonly properties in your type.

import { immer } from "zustand/middleware/immer";

const store = create<Store>()(
  immer(
    withLenses({
      id: 123,
      name: "test",

      nested: lens((set) => ({
        text: "test",
        isOk: true,

        toggle() {
          set((p /* Nested */) => {
            p.isOk = !p.isOk;
          });
        },
      })),
    })
  )
);

Lens middleware

Since lens takes an ordinary function, you can pre-process your lens object with various middleware, in the same way zustand does.

This example uses custom set function which takes a new state and an action name for logging.

See the source code for tips on how to write and type your middleware.

import { lens, namedSetter } from "@dhmk/zustand-lens";

const test = lens(
  namedSetter((set) => ({
    name: "abc",

    setName() {
      set({ name: "def" }, "@test/setName");
    },
  }))
);

You can even create custom lenses.

import { lens, namedSetter } from "@dhmk/zustand-lens";

const lensWithNamedSetter = <T, S = unknown>(
  fn: Lens<T, S, NamedSet<T>>
): LensOpaqueType<T, S> => lens(namedSetter(fn));

Advanced options

atomic(stateCreator)

Middleware for atomic set operations. Atomic operations can have multiple calls of setState function, but callbacks attached by subscribe function will only be called once at the end of an atomic block. This middleware enables atomic function from lens context and also makes [meta].setter function atomic.

[meta]

Advanced lens configuration. You can place this symbol inside lens or root state. If you are using Typescript and want to add this symbol to a root state, you may encounter an error. In this case use the following workaround:

// add { [meta] } to your state type
create<State & { [meta] }>()(
  withLenses({
    // ...

    [meta]: {
      // ...
    },
  })
);

The [meta] object accepts the following optional properties:

postprocess(state: T, prevState: T, ...args): Partial<T> | void

This function is called after calling set function before comitting new state to a parent set function. It is called with a new temporary state that will be comitted, current state and all extra arguments, that were passed to a set function. You may return new state and it will me merged with a state argument. This function must be pure. You may mutate state argument only if using immer middleware.

setter(next: Function, context: LensContext): void

This function is called whenever you call lens (or root) set function. This way you can customize pre-set and post-set behavior. You can run side-effects here. You should call next function once and synchronously to delegate set operation to a parent lens (or root), similar to next function in express.js. If you are using atomic middleware, this function will be executed atomically. Also you may want to use watch helper to conveniently run side-effects on state changes.

Understanding order of invocation.

Given the following store:

const store = create(
  withLenses({
    someSlice: lens(() => ({
      nested: lens((set) => ({
        id: 1,
        test() {
          console.log("test before");
          set({ id: 2 });
          console.log("test after");
        },
        [meta]: {
          postprocess() {
            console.log("nested postprocess");
          },
          setter(set) {
            console.log("nested setter before");
            set();
            console.log("nested setter after");
          },
        },
      })),
      [meta]: {
        postprocess() {
          console.log("someSlice postprocess");
        },
        setter(set) {
          console.log("someSlice setter before");
          set();
          console.log("someSlice setter after");
        },
      },
    })),
    [meta]: {
      postprocess() {
        console.log("root postprocess");
      },
      setter(set) {
        console.log("root setter before");
        set();
        console.log("root setter after");
      },
    },
  })
);

store.getState().someSlice.nested.test();

Console log would be the following:

test before

nested setter before
someSlice setter before
root setter before

nested postprocess
someSlice postprocess
root postprocess

root setter after
someSlice setter after
nested setter after

test after

Misc

mergeDeep(a, b)

mergeDeep(b)(a)

Merges object b with a recursively (doesn't merge arrays).

mergeDeepLeft(a, b)

Merges object a with b (note order). Useful with persist middleware.

persistOptions

Helper for persist middleware. Can be used without lenses. First, you need to add these options to persist's config. Now you can attach options to any object in your state, just call persistOptions as function and provide an object with two optional functions: save and load. Whenever your state needs to be persisted, save function will be called and return value will be persisted. Similarly, load function will be called on hydration. This allows you to control, which data you want to save/restore. Both functions must be pure, don't mutate provided arguments.

const store = create(persist(() => ({
  // ... some state

  ...persistOptions({
    save(state) {
      // return an object that will be saved
    },

    load(persistedState) {
      // return an object that will be used as new state
    }
  })

  nested: {
    // ... some state

    // can be nested too
    ...persistOptions({
      save
      load
    })
  }
}), {
  name: 'my-store',
  // don't forget to add options to persist config
  ...persistOptions
}))

subscribe(store, selector, effect, options?)

Alternative to subscribeWithSelector middleware.

watch(selector, effect, options?)

Similar to subscribe function, meant to be used in setter hook. It calls lens' set function first and then runs effect function if needed. Doesn't require to unsubscribe.

combineWatchers(...watchers)

Runs watchers (or any setter-like functions) sequentially. Useful if you have multiple watchers. Example:

[meta]: {
  setter: combineWatchers(
    watch(state => state.id, handleIdChange),
    watch(state => state.name, handleNameChange)
  )
}

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