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    @deriv/deriv-charts

    0.5.0 • Public • Published

    SmartCharts

    SmartCharts is both the name of the app (charts.binary.com) and the charting library.

    npm (scoped) node Build Status

    In this document:

    Pre-installation

    Before running or contribute to this project, you need to have the setup of the following packages in your environment:

    • node
    • npm
    • git (for contribution)

    Quick start

    1. Fork the project

      In order to work on your own version of the Deriv application, please fork the project to your own repo.

    2. Clone using SSH

      git clone git@github.com:binary-com/SmartCharts.git
    3. Enter project directory

    In the app folder, we provide a working webpack project that uses the smartcharts library. Simply cd to that directory.

    1. Install your dependencies:

      npm install
    2. To start developing:

      npm start
    3. Open the source code and start editing!

      The sample app should be running in http://localhost:8080.

    Other useful commands:

    • use npm install to install dependencies
    • use npm start to launch webpack dev server
    • use npm run build to build the library
    • use npm run build:app to build the charts.binary.com app
    • use npm run analyze to run webpack-bundle-analyzer
    • use npm run test to run unit tests
    • use npm run coverage to see test coverage

    Note: eventhough both npm run build and npm run build:app outputs smartcharts.js and smartcharts.css, they are not the same files. One outputs a library and the the other outputs an app.

    Usage

    You can install the library using one of the following commands:

    Using npm:

    $ npm install @deriv/deriv-chart

    Using yarn:

    $ yarn add @deriv/deriv-chart

    Important Note: the license for the library is tied to the binary.com domain name; it will not work in github pages.

    You can add the library to your project using the following commands:

    yarn add @deriv/deriv-chart      # Release
    yarn add @deriv/deriv-chart@beta # Beta
    

    You can refer to library usage inside app/index.jsx:

    import { SmartChart } from '@deriv/deriv-chart';
    
    class App extends React.Component {
        render() {
            return (
                <SmartChart
                    requestSubscribe={({ tick_history, granularity, ... }, cb) => {}}   // Passes the whole request object
                    requestForget={({ tick_history, granularity, ... }, cb) => {}}      // request object and cb is exactly the same reference passed to subscribe
                    // for active_symbols, trading_times, ... (NOT streaming)
                    requestAPI={({...}) => Promise} // whole request object, shouldn't contain req_id
                />
            );
        }
    };

    SmartCharts expects library user to provide requestSubscribe, requestForget and requestAPI. Refer to API for more details.

    The job of loading the active symbols or trading times or stream data from cache or retrieving from websocket is therefore NOT the responsibility of SmartCharts but the host application. SmartCharts simply makes the requests and expect a response in return.

    Some important notes on your webpack.config.js (refer to app/webpack.config.js):

    • smartcharts CSS file will need to be copied from the npm library (remember to include in your index.html).
    • smartcharts consist of a few chunks (which has filenames *.smartcharts.*), which it downloads asynchronously during runtime. Therefore, it needs to know where the library user places its chunks via the setSmartChartsPublicPath function:
    import { setSmartChartsPublicPath } from "@deriv/deriv-chart";
    
    // SmartCharts chunk are deployed to https://mysite.com/dist/*
    setSmartChartsPublicPath("/dist/");

    We can use the copy-webpack-plugin webpack plugin to copy over SmartCharts chunks:

    new CopyWebpackPlugin([
      { from: "./node_modules/@deriv/deriv-chart/dist/*.smartcharts.*" },
      { from: "./node_modules/@deriv/deriv-chart/dist/smartcharts.css" },
    ]);

    API

    Note: Props will take precedence over values set by the library.

    Props marked with * are mandatory:

    Props Description
    requestAPI* SmartCharts will make single API calls by passing the request input directly to this method, and expects a Promise to be returned.
    requestSubscribe* SmartCharts will make streaming calls via this method. requestSubscribe expects 2 parameters (request, callback) => {}: the request input and a callback in which response will be passed to for each time a response is available. Keep track of this callback as SmartCharts will pass this to you to forget the subscription (via requestForget).
    requestForget* When SmartCharts no longer needs a subscription (made via requestSubscribe), it will call this method (passing in request and callback passed from requestSubscribe) to halt the subscription.
    id Uniquely identifies a chart's indicators, symbol and layout; saving them to local storage and loading them when page refresh. If not set, SmartCharts renders a fresh chart with default values on each refresh. Defaults to undefined.
    getMarketsOrder Callback function to set/order the active symbols category. active_symbols is passed to the callback and an array of markets is expected in return. Allowed values are forex, indices, stocks, commodities, synthetic_index and cryptocurrency. Defaults to undefined
    getIndicatorHeightRatio Callback function to set/order the height of the active indicators that attach to the bottom of the chart. The chart pass two parameters, chart_height and indicator_count and the callback should return an object that contains two parameters, height and percent which height present the height of each indicator in pixel and the percent present the percentage of height compare to chart height. Example: getIndicatorHeightRatio: (chart_height, indicator_count) => ({height, percent}) . Defaults to undefined
    symbol Sets the main chart symbol. Defaults to R_100. Refer Props vs UI for usage details.
    initialData Set initial data that the library requires for booting up. Refer initialData for usage details.
    feedCall Enable/Disable the feed call for getting requirement resources. Default is {activeSymbols: true,tradingTimes: true}
    granularity Sets the granularity of the chart. Allowed values are 60, 120, 180, 300, 600, 900, 1800, 3600, 7200, 14400, 28800, 86400. Defaults to 0. Refer Props vs UI for usage details.
    chartType Sets the chartType. Choose between mountain (Line), line (Dot), colored_line (Colored Dot), spline, baseline, candle, colored_bar (OHLC), hollow_candle, heikinashi, kagi, linebreak, renko, rangebars, and pandf (Point & Figure). Defaults to mountain. Refer Props vs UI for usage details.
    startEpoch Set the start epoch of the chart
    endEpoch Set the end epoch of the chart
    chartControlsWidgets Render function for chart control widgets. Set to null if you want to hide chart controls. Refer to Customising Components.
    topWidgets Render function for top widgets. Refer to Customising Components.
    bottomWidgets Render function for bottom widgets. Refer to Customising Components.
    toolbarWidget Render function for floating toolbar widgets. Refer to Customising Components.
    isMobile Switch between mobile or desktop view. Defaults to false.
    onSettingsChange Callback that will be fired each time a setting is changed.
    stateChangeListener Callback that will be fired on chart state change, It will return two parameters (state, option). An state, and an option that is related to desire state. Chart has three states that are: INITIAL , READY and SCROLL_TO_LEFT.
    settings Sets the chart settings. Refer to Chart Settings
    barriers Draw chart barriers. Refer to Barriers API for usage details
    enableRouting Enable routing for dialogs. Defaults to false
    isConnectionOpened Sets the connection status. If set, upon reconnection smartcharts will either patch missing tick data or refresh the chart, depending on granularity; if not set, it is assumed that connection is always opened. Defaults to undefined.
    onMessage SmartCharts will send notifications via this callback, should it be provided. Each notification will have the following structure: { text, type, category }.
    isAnimationEnabled Determine whether chart animation is enabled or disabled. It may needs to be disabled for better performance. Defaults to true.
    showLastDigitStats Shows last digits stats. Defaults to false.
    scrollToEpoch Scrolls the chart to the leftmost side and sets the last spot/bar as the first visible spot/bar in the chart. Also, it disables scrolling until the chart reaches the 3/4 of the width of the main pane of the chart. Defaults to null.
                                                         |
    

    | clearChart | Clear the chart. | | onExportLayout | Export the layout and send it back using this callback. | | importedLayout | The layout to be imported to chart. It should be the layout that was exported in onExportLayout; | | shouldFetchTradingTimes | Determine whether an API call for fetching trading times is necessary for the new chart or not. Defaults to true | | maxTick | Set the max number of first points/candles in the visible chart area. The value should be number greater than zero. Defaults to undefined | | crosshair | Set state of Crosshair Component. Allowed values are undefined, 0,1,2. Defaults to undefined | | crosshairTooltipLeftAllow | Set max left position which chart allow to render left side tooltip of crosshair, if mouse position before this size, the crosshair tooltip move to right side of mouse, if set null then chart specify 315px as default value. Defaults to null | | zoom | Zoom in and Zoom out the chart. the value should be 1 or -1. If the value is 1 the chart will be zoomed in, and if the value is -1 it zoomed out. | | yAxisMargin | Set the margins of chart yAxis. It's an object that takes two parameters, bottom for margin bottom of chart, and top for the top margin of chart. | | enableScroll | Enable/disable scroll feature in chart. Scroll gets disable on chart scale 1:1 and enable whenever user zoom in/out. This property override that feature . Defaults to true | | enableZoom | Enable/disable zoom feature in chart. Defaults to true |

    Chart Settings

    Attribute Description
    countdown Show Countdown. Defaults to false.
    theme Sets the chart theme. themes are (dark|light), and default is light.
    lang Sets the language. Defaults to en.
    position Sets the position of the chart controls. Choose between left and bottom. In mobile this is always bottom. Defaults to bottom.
    enabledNavigationWidget Show or hide navigation widget. Defaults to false
    isHighestLowestMarkerEnabled Show or hide the highest and lowest tick on the chart. Defaults to false.

    InitialData

    Initial data property designed to pass prepared chart data in case you don't want to wait for Feed data or if you simply want to make the chart render quicker on its initial load. It gets the properties below and all of them are optional, so if you pass the data, the chart will use that data, but if you pass null instead, the chart will default to the Feed call and get the data from API. notice: these data are only use for initialing sequence and after that, chart request on Feed to get data.

    Attribute Description Sample Data
    activeSymbols An array of active symbols (available markets) is used to load the market selector. Default is null. This value would update in the chart is user toggle property of refreshActiveSymbols that cause the chart to request for activeSymbols on the Feed [{ allow_forward_starting: 0, display_name: 'AUD Index', exchange_is_open: 1, is_trading_suspended: 0, market: 'forex', market_display_name: 'Forex', pip: 0.001, submarket: 'smart_fx', submarket_display_name: 'Smart FX', symbol: 'WLDAUD', symbol_type: 'smart_fx' }, ...]
    tradingTimes An array of markets trading time is used to determine close/open markets. Default is null. The chart will request new data via Feed in a sequence that is calculated regards markets trading time. {trading_times: {markets: [{ name: 'Forex', submarkets: [{ name: 'Major Pairs', symbols: [{name: 'AUD/JPY', symbol: 'frxAUDJPY', times: { close: ['23:59:59'], open: ['00:00:00'], settlement: '23:59:59' }, trading_days: ['Mon', 'Tue', 'Wed', 'Thu', 'Fri'],events: [{ dates: 'Fridays', descrip: 'Closes early (at 20:55)' },{ dates: '2020-12-25', descrip: 'Christmas Day' },{ dates: '2021-01-01', descrip: "New Year's Day" }], ...}, ]},...]...],}}
    masterData An array of ticks that are used to load the graph (candles). Default is null. If the Feed is available, the chart will call fetchInitialData via Feed to get the initial ticks, for old data it calls fetchPaginationData and receives new ticks constantly. If this property is filled, chart user symbol property and setting property (to extract chart type and interval) and the masterData to load the graph. Notice: chart interval in the setting property should be the same as masterData epoch/Date property. If the symbol property does not fill, the chart uses the symbol property that exists in the localStorage with the key of layout-*, and if that property also does not fill, the chart throws a console error. (if the desired symbol does not fill in the symbol property or layout-* localStorage, it caused the chart to just load the given masterData and does not call for the fetchInitialData API). [{"Date":"2020-11-16T04:28:00", "Close":8287.85}, {"Date":"2020-11-16T04:26:00", "Open":8283.25,"High":8293.750015,"Low":8278.75,"Close":8293.75},...]

    Barriers API

    barriers props accepts an array of barrier configurations:

    <SmartChart
      barriers={[
        {
          color: "green",
          shade: "above",
          hidePriceLines: false, // default false
          onChange: console.warn.bind(console),
        },
      ]}
    />

    Attributes marked with * are mandatory:

    Attribute Description
    shadeColor Barrier shade color. Defaults to green.
    color Price line color. Defaults to #000.
    shade Shade type; choose between NONE_SINGLE, NONE_DOUBLE, ABOVE, BELOW, OUTSIDE or BETWEEN. Defaults to NONE_SINGLE.
    hideBarrierLine hide/show the barrier line. Can be used to show only the title. Defaults to false.
    hideOffscreenLine hide/show the barrier line when it is offscreen. Defaults to false.
    hideOffscreenBarrier hide/show the barrier line & title when it is offscreen. Defaults to false.
    hidePriceLines hide/show the price lines. Defaults to false.
    lineStyle Sets the style of the price lines; choose between dotted, dashed, or solid. Defaults to dashed.
    onChange When price of high or low barrier changes (including when switched toggling relative or setting high|low), onChange will pass the high and low barriers as { high, low }.
    relative Toggle between relative and absolute barriers. Defaults to false.
    draggable Toggles whether users can drag the price lines and change the barrier directly from the chart. Defaults to true.
    title Title text of the barrier
    isSingleBarrier Shows only High barrier, stops low barrier & shades from rendering when the flag is true. Defaults to false.
    showOffscreenArrows hide/show arrows with direction when the barrier is offscreen. Defaults to false.
    opacityOnOverlap Sets the opacity of the barrier when it is overlapping with other barrier.
    high* Sets the price of the high barrier.
    low* Sets the price of the low barrier.

    Marker API (Depricated)

    Markers provide a way for developers to place DOM elements inside the chart that are positioned based on date, values or tick location. Unlike CharIQ's Markers, we only allow markers to be placed on the main chart. Also note that this Marker implementation does not factor the width and height of the marker; this is expensive to calculate, so we expect you to offset this in CSS.

    <SmartChart>
      <Marker
        x={1533192979}
        yPositioner="none"
        className="chart-line vertical trade-start-line"
      >
        {/* Place marker content here */}
        <div className="drag-line" />
        <div className="trade-text">Trade Start</div>
      </Marker>
    </SmartChart>
    Attribute Description
    className Adds custom class name to marker. All markers have class name stx-marker.
    x x position of the chart; depends on xPositioner.
    xPositioner Determines x position. Choose between epoch or none. Defaults to epoch.
    y y position of the chart; depends on yPositioner.
    yPositioner Determines y position. Choose between value or none. Defaults to value.

    There are more options for xPositioner and yPositioner in ChartIQ docs. What we document here is the most common use case.

    Marker API

    Use FastMarker to render given Components under stx-subholder. It will keep the marker position on the chart.

     <FastMarker
         markerRef={setRef}
         threshold={optional visibility threshold}
         className="your-css-class"
     >
        <your content here/>
     </FastMarker>

    USAGE:

    • setRef({setPosition, div}) will be called onMount.
    • setRef(null) will be called when the marker unmounts.
    • div is the dom element containing the marker with your-css-class
      • any content update should be done using div and vanilla js
      • use div.querySelector('...') to get a dom reference in order to update your content.
      • avoid doning expensive DOM operations on div such as style changes.
    • setPosition({epoch, price}) is a function that you will use to update the div position.
      • epoch is the tick unix epoch from api
      • price is the tick price, it could be null if you want to draw a vertical line.
    • call setPosition({epoch: null, price: null}) to hide the marker.

    PROPS:

    • threshold (optional): the chart has a zoom level, the marker will be only shown within that threshold.
    • markerRef (required): pass the setRef callback using this property
    • className (optional): avoid expoensive css transition or keyframe animations on this class.

    Raw Marker API

    Get a raw callback with underlying canvas2dcontext. This component is used to render directly into the chart canvas.

    PROPS:

    • epoch_array: array of epoch values to get coordinates for.
    • draw_callback: called on every frame with ({ctx, points}).
      • points will be an array of [{left, top, epoch}] in pixels.
      • ctx is the Context2dDrawingContext

    Customising Components

    We offer library users full control on deciding which of the top widgets and chart control buttons to be displayed by overriding the render methods themselves. To do this you pass in a function to chartControlsWidgets or topWidgets.

    For example, we want to remove all the chart control buttons, and for top widgets to just show the comparison list (refer app/index.jsx):

    import { ChartMode, ToolbarWidget } from "@deriv/deriv-chart";
    
    const renderTopWidgets = () => (
      <React.Fragment>
        <div>Hi I just replaced the top widgets!</div>
        <ChartMode />
      </React.Fragment>
    );
    
    const renderBottomWidgets = () => (
      <React.Fragment>
        <div>Hi, I am a bottom widget!</div>
      </React.Fragment>
    );
    
    const renderToolbarWidgets = () => (
      <ToolbarWidget position="top">
        <div>Hi I just replaced the top widgets!</div>
        <ChartMode />
      </ToolbarWidget>
    );
    
    const App = () => (
      <SmartChart
        bottomWidgets={renderBottomWidgets}
        topWidgets={renderTopWidgets}
        toolbarWidget={renderToolbarWidgets}
        chartControlsWidgets={() => {}}
      ></SmartChart>
    );

    Here are the following components you can import:

    • Top widgets:
      • <ChartTitle enabled={true} onChange={(symbol) => {}} open_market={null} />
    • Chart controls:
      • <CrosshairToggle enabled={true} />
      • <ChartTypes enabled={true} onChange={(chartType) => {}} />
      • <StudyLegend />
      • <DrawTools />
      • <Views />
      • <Share />
      • <Timeperiod enabled={true} onChange={(chartType) => {}} />
      • <ChartSize />
      • <ChartSetting />
    • Toolbar Widget
      • <ChartMode />

    Props vs UI

    Certain chart parameters can be set either by props or from the chart UI:

    • symbol - set by <ChartTitle />
    • granularity - set by <TimePeriod >
    • chartType - set by <ChartTypes />

    This creates conflicts in deciding which is the single source of truth. To circumvent this, if these props are set (not undefined), selecting options in its corresponding components will not have any affect on the chart; the prop values take precedence. To have control over both the UI and the props, we provide library users the option to override component behaviour via onChange prop. For example, to retrieve the symbol a client chooses:

    <ChartTitle
      open_market={{
        category: 'forex',
        subcategory: 'minor-pairs',
        market: 'frxAUDCAD'
      }}
      onChange={(symbol) => {
        /* ...Pass to symbol prop in <SmartCharts /> */
      }}
    />

    See available components and their props in Customising Components.

    ChartTitle

    Attribute Description
    onChange When symbol/market changes, this method call. (symbol) => { }
    isNestedList Change the theme of Dropdown, if set to true it shows a dropdown nested style. Default is false
    open_market Sepecify the visible market on the market selector scroll. it accept {category: '', subcategory: '', market: ''} . Default is null

    ToolbarWidget

    Attribute Description
    position determine the position of toolbar, which can be top, bottom. Default is top

    How to contribute

    1. Create branch from the latest master branch

      git checkout master
      git pull upstream master
      git checkout -b [_your_branch_name]
    2. Make your changes

    3. Make pull request

    • Push your changes to your origin

      git push -u origin [_your_branch_name]

    Important Note: Prior to sending pull requests, make sure all unit tests passed:

    ```sh
    npm run test
    ```
    
    • Once your changes have been merged to master, it will immediately deployed to charts.binary.com/beta.

    • Make sure to change the PR base to master branch

    • Click on the autogenerated link from terminal to open the PR

    Manage releases / deployment process

    Library deployment / publishing to NPM

    To publish to production:

    ```sh
    npm run build && npm publish
    ```
    

    To publish to beta:

    ```sh
    npm run build && npm publish --tag beta
    ```
    

    Staging / Production deployment

    1) Staging deployment:

    • Any pull request merged to master branch will be automatically deployed to charts.binary.com/beta.

    2) Production deployment:

    • Production deployment is handled with tagging, ideally, we will create the tag with the prefix production_v{{version_number}} from master branch and push the tag to initiate the production release pipeline.

    NOTE: Write access is required for this action

    Example:

    i) git tag production_v20180901 -m 'release production'

    ii) git push origin production_v20180901

    Deploy to Github Pages

    As ChartIQ license is tied to the binary.com domain name, we provide developers with a binary.sx to test out the library on their Github Pages.

    For each feature/fix you want to add we recommend you deploy an instance of SmartCharts for it (e.g. brucebinary.binary.sx/featureA, brucebinary.binary.sx/featureB). To deploy SmartCharts to your github pages, you first need to setup your gh-pages branch:

    1. Make sure you have a binary.sx subdomain pointed to your github.io page first (e.g. brucebinary.binary.sx -> brucebinary.github.io).
    2. In your gh-pages branch, add a CNAME in your project root folder, and push that file to your branch, for example:
    git checkout -b gh-pages origin/gh-pages # if you already checkout from remote execute: git checkout gh-pages
    echo 'brucebinary.binary.sx' > CNAME # substitute with your domain
    git add --all
    git commit -m 'add CNAME'
    git push origin gh-pages

    Here on, to deploy a folder (e.g. folder_name):

    npm run build-travis && npm run gh-pages:folder 'myfoldername'
    

    Now you should be able to see your SmartCharts app on brucebinary.binary.sx/myfoldername.

    Alternatively you can deploy directly to the domain itself (note that this erases all folders; could be useful for cleanup). In our example, the following command will deploy to brucebinary.binary.sx:

    npm run build-travis && echo 'brucebinary.binary.sx' > CNAME && npm run gh-pages
    

    Note: npm run build-travis will add hashing inside index.html; do not push those changes to git!

    There may be occasions where you would want to deploy development versions of the webpack bundles. Quick way to do this is to change the --mode parameter in build npm command in package.json to from production to development.

    Manage translations

    All strings that need to be translated must be inside t.translate():

    t.translate("[currency] [amount] payout if the last tick.", {
      currency: "USD",
      amount: 43.12,
    });
    t.setLanguage("fr"); // components need to be rerendered for changes to take affect

    Each time a new translation string is added to the code, you need to update the messages.pot via:

    npm run translations
    

    Once the new messages.pot is merged into the master branch, it will automatically be updated in CrowdIn. You should expect to see a PR with the title

    New Crowdin translations in a few minutes; this PR will update the *.po files.

    Developer Notes

    Developer Workflow

    We organise the development in Trello. Here is the standard workflow of how a feature/bug fix is added:

    1. When an issue/feature is raised, it is added to Backlog list. For each card added, it should have a "QA Checklist" (Add checklist to card) for QA to verify that the feature/bug fix has been successfully implemented.
    2. In a meeting, if feature/bug fix is set to be completed for next release, it will be labeled as Next Release and placed in Bugs/Todo list.
    3. Cards are assigned to developers by adding them to the card; manager gets added to every card.
    4. If a developer is actively working on a card, he places the card in In Development; otherwise it should be placed back into Bugs/Todo list.
    5. Once the feature/bug fix is implemented, the developer needs put 2 things in the card before placing his card in Review list.:
      • PR: Link to the PR.
      • Test Link: Link to github pages that has the changes; this is for QA to verify. Refer to this section for instructions on how to deploy.
    6. If reviewer requests changes, he will place the card back to the In Development list. This back and forth continues until the reviewer passes the PR by marking it as approved in Github.
    7. Reviewer places the reviewed card into QA list.
    8. If the card fails QA check, QA can comment on the card on what failed, and place the card back to In Development list. If QA passes the changes, QA will place the card from QA to Ready; this card is now ready to be merged to master.
    9. Once the card is merged to master, it is placed in Deployed to BETA list.
    10. When it is time to take all changes in beta and deploy in production, manager will merge master into master, and place all cards in Deployed to BETA to Released.

    Debugging NPM Package

    Some issues only show up for library users, so it is helpful to test the NPM package before deploying it to library users. You can do this by building the library directly into the node_modules directory of an app that uses the SmartCharts library. For example to test the library build on binary-static you can execute:

    npm run watch '../binary-static/node_modules/@deriv/deriv-chart/dist'
    

    Now each time you make any change, it will overwrite the SmartCharts library inside the node_modules folder.

    Separation of App and Library

    There should be a clear distinction between developing for app and developing for library. Library source code is all inside src folder, whereas app source code is inside app.

    Webpack determines whether to build an app or library depending on whether an environment variable BUILD_MODE is set to app. Setting this variable switches the entry point of the project (app build mode uses app/index.jsx while library uses src/index.js). We do it this way to develop the app to have hot reload available when we modify library files.

    Dealing With SVGs

    SmartCharts has 2 ways of utilizing SVG files: as CSS background image and as external SVG.

    CSS Background Image SVG

    These SVG are added inline into the CSS via postcss-inline-svg. Currently the only place where this is used is the loader, because if the external SVG is not loaded yet we would at least want a loading screen to be present.

    External SVG

    The SVG files included in the js and jsx files are automatically put together into a sprite sheet. Manipulating external SVG can be tricky - developers can only control stroke and fill color of the whole SVG file via CSS:

    .ic-icon.active {
      svg {
        stroke: #2e8836;
        fill: #ff3d38;
      }
    }

    Important Note: These stroke and fill colors will not be affected by CSS if the corresponding attributes are declared in the SVG file. Therefore, it is not uncommon SmartCharts developers would need to tweak the SVG files by hand to be able to manipulate its color.

    This has much less freedom compared to inline SVG where a developer can control individual parts of the SVG, but having external SVG results in a much smaller library, and allows parts of the code not rendered by React to use them. External SVG is also cached by the browser (using shadow DOM), so though the same SVG may be used multiple times, only one copy exists in the DOM.

    State Management and the connect Method

    SmartCharts uses a variation of Mobdux to assist with state management using Mobx.

    Each component consists of 2 parts: a template (*.jsx file), and a store (*Store.js file). There are 3 scenarios in which the connect method is used:

    1. Main Components: The component is tied directly to the main store.

    Examples: <ChartTitle />, <TimePeriod />, <Views />...

    Each component here is mapped to a corresponding store in the main store. Only one copy of this component may exist per <SmartChart /> instance, and its state is managed by the main store tree (defined as mainStore in SmartCharts). Here you pass a mapperFunction that would be applied directly to the main store:

    function mapperFunction(mainStore) {
      return {
        value: mainStore.subStore.value,
      };
    }
    
    export default connect(mapperFunction)(MyComponent);

    Connections in the scenario #1 should be done in the jsx file, to keep consistent with other components. Except for the component tied to the main store (Chart.jsx), all components using this method should be SFC (Stateless Functional Components), and have the lifecycle managed by the main store.

    2. Subcomponents: Component is connected inside a store

    Examples: <Menu />, <List />, <CategoricalDisplay />...

    This is used when multiple copies of a store needs to exist in the same state tree. Here we do the connection inside the constructor of a child of the main store and pass it as a prop to the template. For example <ChartTitle /> needs a <Menu />, so in ChartTitleStore we create an instance of MenuStore and connect it:

    export default class ChartTitleStore {
      constructor(mainStore) {
        this.menu = new MenuStore(mainStore);
        this.ChartTitleMenu = this.menu.connect(Menu);
        // ...
      }
      // ...
    }

    The connect method for subcomponents are defined in its store (instead of the template file) that contains its own mapperFunction:

    export default class MenuStore {
      // ...
      connect = connect(() => ({
        setOpen: this.setOpen,
        open: this.open,
      }));
    }

    We then pass the connected component in ChartTitle.jsx:

    export default connect(({ chartTitle: c }) => ({
      ChartTitleMenu: c.ChartTitleMenu,
    }))(ChartTitle);

    Note: Do NOT connect subcomponents in another connect method; connect creates a new component each time it is called, and a mapperFunction is called every time a mobx reaction or prop update is triggered.

    3. Independent Components: components that are not managed by the main store

    Examples: <Barrier />, <Marker />

    Independent components is able to access the main store, but the main store has no control over independent components. As such, each independent component manages its own life cycle. Here is the interface for its store:

    class IndependentStore {
      constructor(mainStore) {}
      updateProps(nextProps) {} // intercept the props from the component
      destructor() {} // called on componentWillUnmount
    }

    This enables library users to use multiple copies of a component without connecting it, because mounting an independent component will also create its own store (refer to Marker API to see usage example of such a component). Therefore, for each independent component you connect you will also need to pass its store class (not an instance but the class itself) as a second parameter to the connect function:

    function mapperFunction(customStore) {
      return {
        value: customStore.value,
      };
    }
    
    export default connect(
      mapperFunction,
      MyStoreClass // Required argument for independent components
    )(MyIndependentComponent);

    Note that for independent components, the mapperFunction is applied to the store instance, not the main store. Should you need to access any value from the main store, you can do this via the mainStore passed to the constructor of each independent store class.

    Install

    npm i @deriv/deriv-charts

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    622

    Version

    0.5.0

    License

    ISC

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    104

    Last publish

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