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0.5.0 • Public • Published


Minimalistic translate (i18n) library for Preact

Build Status

Bundle size: ~1KB
Live example: Sandbox

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Minimal requirements: Preact 10.0.0

Add the .npmrc file to your project root if you are using GitHub Package Registry


Using Yarn:

yarn add @denysvuika/preact-translate

Using NPM:

npm i @denysvuika/preact-translate

Basic usage

You should wrap your application with the TranslateProvider component:

import { TranslateProvider } from '@denysvuika/preact-translate';

export default function App() {
  return (
      <MainComponent />

Create an assets/en.json file with the following content:

  "title": "Hello",
  "subtitle": "World"

Create a second file assets/ua.json to be able to switch between different resources.

  "title": "[ua] Hello",
  "subtitle": "[ua] World"

You can now use the TranslateContext in your components to access the translation API and data:

import { useContext } from 'preact/hooks';
import { TranslateContext } from '@denysvuika/preact-translate';

export default function MainComponent() {
  const { setLang, t, lang } = useContext(TranslateContext);

  return (
      <div>Lang: {lang}</div>
        <button onClick={() => setLang('en')}>EN</button>
        <button onClick={() => setLang('ua')}>UA</button>

For the EN locale you should see:

Lang: en

For the UA locale you should see:

Lang: ua
[ua] Hello
[ua] World

The language loading performs on demand. The en.json gets loaded and cached only when first requested by your application.

Configuring assets root folder

By default, the assets folder is used to fetch locales. You can change it via the TranslateProvider.root property:

import { TranslateProvider } from '@denysvuika/preact-translate';

export default function App() {
  return (
    <TranslateProvider root="i18n">
      <MainComponent />

Formatted translations

You can use runtime string substitution when translating text

  "hello": "Hello, {name}"

Then in the JSX:

<div>{t('hello', { name: 'Bob' })}</div>

Nested translations

The library supports complex objects with nested levels.

Put the following in the en.json file:

  "messages": {
    "errors": {
      "404": "Sorry, not found"

Then in the JSX use:


You can also use composite strings like the following:

  "messages.errors.404": "Sorry, not found"

Default language

You can set the default language to use with the application by assigning the TranslateProvider.lang property.

<TranslateProvider lang="ua">
  <Application />

Please note that in this case provider is going to load and cache two locales at startup: en.json (as a fallback) and ua.json (as an active lang).

Custom translation data

You can use TranslateProvider.translations property to provide a custom translation data from the code. That helps with unit testing as well.

const data = {
  en: {
    messages: {
      404: 'Not found'

<TranslateProvider translations={data}>
  <Application />

Note that the TranslateProvider is not going to fetch translation files for the en locale, and will use your custom data instead.




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