@datastructures-js/priority-queue
TypeScript icon, indicating that this package has built-in type declarations

6.3.1 • Public • Published

@datastructures-js/priority-queue

npm npm npm

A heap-based implementation of priority queue in javascript with typescript support.

NOTE: LeetCode is using previous versions of the lib here. I am maintaining v4 & v5 for this purpose

Contents (v6)

Install

npm install --save @datastructures-js/priority-queue

API

PriorityQueue class allows using a compare function between values. MinPriorityQueue & MaxPriorityQueue can be used for primitive values and objects with known comparison prop.

require

const {
  PriorityQueue,
  MinPriorityQueue,
  MaxPriorityQueue,
} = require('@datastructures-js/priority-queue');

import

import {
  PriorityQueue,
  MinPriorityQueue,
  MaxPriorityQueue,
  ICompare,
  IGetCompareValue,
} from '@datastructures-js/priority-queue';

constructor

PriorityQueue

constructor requires a compare function that works similar to javascript sort callback, returning a number bigger than 0, means swap elements.

TS
interface ICar {
  year: number;
  price: number;
}

const compareCars: ICompare<ICar> = (a: ICar, b: ICar) => {
  if (a.year > b.year) {
    return -1;
  }
  if (a.year < b.year) {
    // prioritize newest cars
    return 1;
  }
  // with lowest price
  return a.price < b.price ? -1 : 1;
};

const carsQueue = new PriorityQueue<ICar>(compareCars);
JS
const carsQueue = new PriorityQueue((a, b) => {
    if (a.year > b.year) {
      return -1;
    }
    if (a.year < b.year) {
      // prioratize newest cars
      return 1;
    }
    // with lowest price
    return a.price < b.price ? -1 : 1;
  }
);

MinPriorityQueue, MaxPriorityQueue

constructor requires a callback for object values to indicate which prop is used for comparison, and does not require any for primitive values like numbers or strings.

TS
const numbersQueue = new MinPriorityQueue<number>();

interface IBid {
  id: number;
  value: number;
}
const getBidValue: IGetCompareValue<IBid> = (bid) => bid.value;
const bidsQueue = new MaxPriorityQueue<IBid>(getBidValue);
JS
const numbersQueue = new MinPriorityQueue();
const bidsQueue = new MaxPriorityQueue((bid) => bid.value);

fromArray

If the queue is being created from an existing array, and there is no desire to use an extra O(n) space, this static function can turn an array into a priority queue in O(n) runtime.

PriorityQueue

TS
const numbers = [3, -2, 5, 0, -1, -5, 4];

const pq = PriorityQueue.fromArray<number>(numbers, (a, b) => a - b);

console.log(numbers); // [-5, -1, -2, 3, 0, 5, 4]
pq.dequeue(); // -5
pq.dequeue(); // -2
pq.dequeue(); // -1
console.log(numbers); // [ 0, 3, 4, 5 ]
JS
const numbers = [3, -2, 5, 0, -1, -5, 4];

const pq = PriorityQueue.fromArray(numbers, (a, b) => a - b);

console.log(numbers); // [-5, -1, -2, 3, 0, 5, 4]
pq.dequeue(); // -5
pq.dequeue(); // -2
pq.dequeue(); // -1
console.log(numbers); // [ 0, 3, 4, 5 ]

MinPriorityQueue, MaxPriorityQueue

TS
const numbers = [3, -2, 5, 0, -1, -5, 4];

const mpq = MaxPriorityQueue.fromArray<number>(numbers);

console.log(numbers); // [-5, -1, -2, 3, 0, 5, 4]
mpq.dequeue(); // 5
mpq.dequeue(); // 4
mpq.dequeue(); // 3
console.log(numbers); // [ 0, -1, -5, -2 ]
JS
const numbers = [3, -2, 5, 0, -1, -5, 4];

const mpq = MaxPriorityQueue.fromArray(numbers);

console.log(numbers); // [-5, -1, -2, 3, 0, 5, 4]
mpq.dequeue(); // 5
mpq.dequeue(); // 4
mpq.dequeue(); // 3
console.log(numbers); // [ 0, -1, -5, -2 ]

enqueue (push)

adds a value based on its comparison with other values in the queue in O(log(n)) runtime.

const cars = [
  { year: 2013, price: 35000 },
  { year: 2010, price: 2000 },
  { year: 2013, price: 30000 },
  { year: 2017, price: 50000 },
  { year: 2013, price: 25000 },
  { year: 2015, price: 40000 },
  { year: 2022, price: 70000 }
];
cars.forEach((car) => carsQueue.enqueue(car));

const numbers = [3, -2, 5, 0, -1, -5, 4];
numbers.forEach((num) => numbersQueue.push(num)); // push is an alias for enqueue

const bids = [
  { id: 1, value: 1000 },
  { id: 2, value: 20000 },
  { id: 3, value: 1000 },
  { id: 4, value: 1500 },
  { id: 5, value: 12000 },
  { id: 6, value: 4000 },
  { id: 7, value: 8000 }
];
bids.forEach((bid) => bidsQueue.enqueue(bid));

front

peeks on the value with highest priority in the queue.

console.log(carsQueue.front()); // { year: 2022, price: 70000 }
console.log(numbersQueue.front()); // -5
console.log(bidsQueue.front()); // { id: 2, value: 20000 }

back

peeks on the value with a lowest priority in the queue.

console.log(carsQueue.back()); // { year: 2010, price: 2000 }
console.log(numbersQueue.back()); // 5
console.log(bidsQueue.back()); // { id: 1, value: 1000 }

dequeue (pop)

removes and returns the element with highest priority in the queue in O(log(n)) runtime.

console.log(carsQueue.dequeue()); // { year: 2022, price: 70000 }
console.log(carsQueue.dequeue()); // { year: 2017, price: 50000 }
console.log(carsQueue.dequeue()); // { year: 2015, price: 40000 }

console.log(numbersQueue.dequeue()); // -5
console.log(numbersQueue.dequeue()); // -2
console.log(numbersQueue.dequeue()); // -1

console.log(bidsQueue.pop()); // { id: 2, value: 20000 }
console.log(bidsQueue.pop()); // { id: 5, value: 12000 }
console.log(bidsQueue.pop()); // { id: 7, value: 8000 }

remove

removes all elements that meet a criteria in O(n*log(n)) runtime and returns a list of the removed elements.

carsQueue.remove((car) => car.price === 35000); // [{ year: 2013, price: 35000 }]

numbersQueue.remove((n) => n === 4); // [4]

bidsQueue.remove((bid) => bid.id === 3); // [{ id: 3, value: 1000 }]

isEmpty

checks if the queue is empty.

console.log(carsQueue.isEmpty()); // false
console.log(numbersQueue.isEmpty()); // false
console.log(bidsQueue.isEmpty()); // false

size

returns the number of elements in the queue.

console.log(carsQueue.size()); // 3
console.log(numbersQueue.size()); // 3
console.log(bidsQueue.size()); // 3

toArray

returns a sorted array of elements by their priorities from highest to lowest in O(n*log(n)) runtime.

console.log(carsQueue.toArray());
/*
[
  { year: 2013, price: 25000 },
  { year: 2013, price: 30000 },
  { year: 2010, price: 2000 }
]
*/

console.log(numbersQueue.toArray()); // [ 0, 3, 5 ]

console.log(bidsQueue.toArray());
/*
[
  { id: 6, value: 4000 },
  { id: 4, value: 1500 },
  { id: 1, value: 1000 }
]
*/

Symbol.iterator

The queues implement a Symbol.iterator that makes them iterable on pop.

console.log([...carsQueue]);
/*
[
  { year: 2013, price: 25000 },
  { year: 2013, price: 30000 },
  { year: 2010, price: 2000 }
]
*/
console.log(carsQueue.size()); // 0

console.log([...numbersQueue]); // [ 0, 3, 5 ]
console.log(numbersQueue.size()); // 0

for (const bid of bidsQueue) {
  console.log(bid);
}
/*
{ id: 6, value: 4000 },
{ id: 4, value: 1500 },
{ id: 1, value: 1000 }
*/
console.log(bidsHeap.size()); // 0

clear

clears all elements in the queue.

carsQueue.clear();
console.log(carsQueue.size()); // 0
console.log(carsQueue.front()); // null
console.log(carsQueue.dequeue()); // null
console.log(carsQueue.isEmpty()); // true

numbersQueue.clear();
console.log(numbersQueue.size()); // 0
console.log(numbersQueue.front()); // null
console.log(numbersQueue.dequeue()); // null
console.log(numbersQueue.isEmpty()); // true

bidsQueue.clear();
console.log(bidsQueue.size()); // 0
console.log(bidsQueue.front()); // null
console.log(bidsQueue.dequeue()); // null
console.log(bidsQueue.isEmpty()); // true

Build

grunt build

License

The MIT License. Full License is here

Versions

Current Tags

  • Version
    Downloads (Last 7 Days)
    • Tag
  • 6.3.1
    19,957
    • latest

Version History

Package Sidebar

Install

npm i @datastructures-js/priority-queue

Weekly Downloads

52,820

Version

6.3.1

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

26.3 kB

Total Files

12

Last publish

Collaborators

  • eyas-ranjous