@concordium/react-components
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0.5.1 • Public • Published

@concordium/react-components

React components and hooks for implementing features commonly needed by dApps. The components only manage React state and pass data to application components - no actual HTML is being rendered.

As much as possible is done to help make sure that the dApp is connected to a wallet/account on the expected network while taking into account that the user may decide to switch network.

Components

Component that bridges @concordium/wallet-connectors into a React context by managing connection state and network information. This component significantly reduces the complexity of integrating with wallets, even if one only need to support a single protocol and network.

The interface for managing the connectors is exposed through WalletConnectionProps which is passed to the child component.

Example: Interact with wallets connected to Testnet:

Initialize the network configuration and wrap the component MyAppComponent that needs to do wallet interaction in WithWalletConnector:

import { Network, TESTNET, WalletConnectionProps, WithWalletConnector } from '@concordium/react-components';

function MyRootComponent() {
    return <WithWalletConnector network={TESTNET}>{(props) => <MyAppComponent {...props} />}</WithWalletConnector>;
}

function MyAppComponent(props: WalletConnectionProps) {
    // TODO Manage connections using the interface exposed through WalletConnectionProps (usually using useWalletConnectorSelector)...
}

Use props.setActiveConnectorType(...) from within MyAppComponent to set up a connector, and make it available on props.activeConnector. This is most easily done using useWalletConnectorSelector.

Connector types for the Browser Wallet and WalletConnect connectors are usually initialized like so:

export const BROWSER_WALLET = ephemeralConnectorType(BrowserWalletConnector.create);
export const WALLET_CONNECT = ephemeralConnectorType(
    WalletConnectConnector.create.bind(undefined, WALLET_CONNECT_OPTS)
);

Initiate a connection by invoking connect on a connector. This is most easily done using the hooks useConnection and useConnect:

const { activeConnector, network, connectedAccounts, genesisHashes, ... } = props;
const { connection, setConnection, account, genesisHash } = useConnection(activeConnector, connectedAccounts, genesisHashes);
const { connect, isConnecting, connectError } = useConnect(activeConnector, setConnection);

The app uses the function connect to initiate a new connection from activeConnector. The fields isConnecting and connectError are used to render the connection status. If activeConnector is undefined then so is connect as it doesn't make sense to call it in that case. This may be used to disable a button whose click handler invokes the function, like for instance:

<Button type="button" onClick={connect} disabled={!connect}>
    Connect
</Button>

Once established, the connection and its state are exposed in the following fields:

  • connection: The WalletConnection object that the app uses to interact with the wallet. Is undefined if there is no established connection.
  • account: The account that connection is associated with in the wallet or the empty string if the connection isn't associated with an account.
  • genesisHash: The hash of the genesis block for the chain that account lives on if this value has been reported by the wallet or undefined otherwise. This may for instance be used to check that account lives on the expected network. Use with care as some wallets don't provide this value reliably.

All the fields hold the value undefined until the connection has been established and again after it's been disconnected.

See the sample dApp for a complete example.

Hooks

Helper hook for computing the selected/connected/disabled state of a given connector type.

Example: Create a button for toggling a connector

The button accepts all the props exposed by WithWalletConnector as well as the particular ConnectorType that it manages:

import { ConnectorType, useWalletConnectorSelector, WalletConnectionProps } from '@concordium/react-components';

interface Props extends WalletConnectionProps {
    connectorType: ConnectorType;
    connectorName: string;
}

export function WalletConnectorButton(props: Props) {
    const { connectorType, connectorName } = props;
    const { isSelected, isConnected, isDisabled, select } = useWalletConnectorSelector(connectorType, props);
    return (
        // TODO Render button based on the computed properties and invoke `select` on click...
    );
}

It's important that the ConnectorType reference passed to the hook is fixed.

See the sample dApp for a complete example.

Hook for managing the state of an input field and lookup smart contract info by its index.

Example: Look up the info of a smart contract by its index specified in an input field

import React, { useState } from 'react';
import { Network, useContractSelector, WalletConnection } from '@concordium/react-components';
import { ConcordiumGRPCClient } from '@concordium/web-sdk';

interface Props {
    rpc: ConcordiumGRPCClient | undefined;
}

export function ContractStuff({ rpc }: Props) {
    const [input, setInput] = useState('');
    const { selected, isLoading, validationError } = useContractSelector(rpc, input);
    return (
        // TODO Render a text input using `input`/`setInput`.
        // TODO Render the selected contract, if present.
    );
}

Use the hook useGrpcClient below to obtain a ConcordiumGRPCClient instance. See the sample dApp for a complete example.

React hook that obtains a gRPC Web client for interacting with a node on the appropriate network.

Example: Periodically fetch height of "best block"

const rpc = useGrpcClient(network);
const [height, setHeight] = useState<bigint>();
useEffect(() => {
    const t = setInterval(() => {
        if (rpc) {
            rpc.getConsensusStatus()
                .then((s) => s.bestBlockHeight)
                .then(setHeight)
                .catch(console.error);
        }
    }, intervalMs);
    return () => clearTimeout(t);
}, [rpc]);

The client is also used as an input to the hook useContractSelector above.

Build

Run

yarn
yarn build

to compile the TypeScript files into ./dist along with type declarations and source maps.

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npm i @concordium/react-components

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268

Version

0.5.1

License

Apache-2.0

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  • opsnpm
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  • concordium-ci
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  • limemloh
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