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@code-dot-org/redactable-markdown

0.7.0 • Public • Published

redactable-markdown

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tools for parsing and translating the modified version of markdown used by code.org

Overview

The standard operation that can be done on a piece of markdown content is Rendering; the act of parsing the markdown content into an understandable structure and compiling that structure out to (usually) HTML.

To facilitate better translation of markdown and extended CDO Markdown, we add two new operations: Redaction and Restoration

Redaction

Redaction is the process of parsing markdown content into an understandable form, then compiling that structure back out to markdown with some values removed and some syntaxes simplified.

For example, standard markdown links and images:

[a link](http://example.com)
![an image](http://example.com/img.jpg)

Have their url and href values removed in the redaction process, and in the case of images the special ! character is also removed; simplifying them to just:

[a link][0]
[an image][1]

The result is that translators are exposed to just those parts of the original content that we actually want them to translate. This means on our end that we can do much less work to verify that translators are not breaking anything or introducing malicious content, and on the translator's end it means they need to worry much less about trying to determine which parts of the string they should and should not be responsible for changing.

In general, content is always redacted to two sets of square brackets, the first enclosing whatever english text we want to expose to the translators and the second enclosing a unique numeric ID we use to associate the redacted content back with the original data during the restoration process.

Other examples

Divclass

A new syntax introduced by CDO Markdown, divclasses are a great example of "block" redactions. Divclasses allow us to wrap bits of content in divs with a given class, and they look like:

[some-class-name]

Inner content

- content can contain
- *whatever* __syntax__ we generally support
- Including [things that get redacted](http://example.com)

[/some-class-name]

That content would get redacted to:

[][0]

Inner content

-   content can contain
-   _whatever_ **syntax** we generally support
-   Including [things that get redacted][1]

[/][0]

Vocablink

A new syntax introduced by CDO Markdown to support Curriculum Builder, vocablinks are a great example of a simple inline redaction with a slightly more complicated restoration process. Vocablinks are used by Curriculum Builder to embed definitions for complex terms within a paragraph, and they look like:

In particular we are interested in developing a more robust [v protocol] for
sending a list of numbers over the internet.

That content would get redacted to:

In particular we are interested in developing a more robust [protocol][0] for
sending a list of numbers over the internet.

Restoration

After redacting content and sending the redacted content out to be translated, we will get back a translated version of the redacted content. We then combine that with the original content to create a restored translated version of the original content.

For example, standard markdown links and images:

[a link](http://example.com)
![an image](http://example.com/img.jpg)

After getting redacted and translated, might come back looking like:

[un linke][0]
[une image][1]

And would then be recombined with the original content to produce:

[un linke](http://example.com)
![une image](http://example.com/img.jpg)

Note that the unique identifiers for each piece of redacted content allow us to handle any reordering that might be introduced by the translation process. For example,

A [black](http://example.com/black) [cat](http://example.com/cat)

Would be redacted to

A [black][0] [cat][1]

Then translated to

Un [chat][1] [noir][0]

Then restored to

Un [chat](http://example.com/cat) [noir](http://example.com/black)

Plugins

To define redaction and restoration functionality for a new or existing piece of syntax, simply create a plugin. Plugins start as remark-parse plugins of the form described in remark-parse Extending the Parser, and examples can be found in the source tree.

Basic Redaction Example

For example, let's add redaction to the mention plugin in the remark-parse example. We start with mention.js from that example:

module.exports = mentions;
 
function mentions() {
  var Parser = this.Parser;
  var tokenizers = Parser.prototype.inlineTokenizers;
  var methods = Parser.prototype.inlineMethods;
 
  /* Add an inline tokenizer (defined in the following example). */
  tokenizers.mention = tokenizeMention;
 
  /* Run it just before `text`. */
  methods.splice(methods.indexOf('text'), 0, 'mention');
}
 
tokenizeMention.notInLink = true;
tokenizeMention.locator = locateMention;
 
function tokenizeMention(eat, value, silent) {
  var match = /^@(\w+)/.exec(value);
 
  if (match) {
    if (silent) {
      return true;
    }
 
    return eat(match[0])({
      type: 'link',
      url: 'https://social-network/' + match[1],
      children: [{type: 'text', value: match[0]}]
    });
  }
}
 
function locateMention(value, fromIndex) {
  return value.indexOf('@', fromIndex);
}

First, isolate the logic that extracts meaningful data from the parsed token from the logic that builds a node from that extracted data:

diff --git a/mention.js b/mention.js
index c87085f..12b67ed 100644
--- a/mention.js
+++ b/mention.js
@@ -23,14 +29,19 @@ function tokenizeMention(eat, value, silent) {
       return true;
     }
 
-    return eat(match[0])({
-      type: 'link',
-      url: 'https://social-network/' + match[1],
-      children: [{type: 'text', value: match[0]}]
-    });
+    var add = eat(match[0]);
+    return createMention(add, match[1], match[0]);
   }
 }
 
 function locateMention(value, fromIndex) {
   return value.indexOf('@', fromIndex);
 }
+ 
+function createMention(add, name, text) {
+  return add({
+    type: 'link',
+    url: 'https://social-network/' + name,
+    children: [{type: 'text', value: text}]
+  });
+}

Then, conditionally create a redaction node instead of the desired regular node when in redaction mode (see more about the redaction node here):

Note here that all that is required of the redaction node is that it contains a unique redactionType identifier, and any information required to recreate the node.

diff --git a/mention.js b/mention.js
index 7a6fc91..08f1bf0 100644
--- a/mention.js
+++ b/mention.js
@@ -1,10 +1,15 @@ 
 module.exports = mentions;
 
+var redact;
+ 
 function mentions() {
   var Parser = this.Parser;
   var tokenizers = Parser.prototype.inlineTokenizers;
   var methods = Parser.prototype.inlineMethods;
 
+  /* Make the Parser's redact option visible to the tokenizer */
+  redact = Parser.prototype.options.redact;
+ 
   /* Add an inline tokenizer (defined in the following example). */
   tokenizers.mention = tokenizeMention;
 
@@ -24,7 +29,19 @@ function tokenizeMention(eat, value, silent) {
     }
 
     var add = eat(match[0]);
-    return createMention(add, match[1], match[0]);
+    var name = match[1];
+    var text = match[0];
+ 
+    if (redact) {
+      return add({
+        type: 'redaction',
+        redactionType: 'mention',
+        name: name,
+        text: text
+      });
+    }
+ 
+    return createMention(add, name, text);
   }
 }

Finally, add a restoration method for the specified redaction type, using the newly-isolated node creation logic.

diff --git a/mention.js b/mention.js
index 08f1bf0..beb01ca 100644
--- a/mention.js
+++ b/mention.js
@@ -6,6 +6,11 @@ function mentions() {
   var Parser = this.Parser;
   var tokenizers = Parser.prototype.inlineTokenizers;
   var methods = Parser.prototype.inlineMethods;
+  var restorationMethods = Parser.prototype.restorationMethods;
+ 
+  restorationMethods.mention = function (add, node) {
+    return createMention(add, node.name, node.text);
+  }
 
   /* Make the Parser's redact option visible to the tokenizer */
   redact = Parser.prototype.options.redact;

We can now redact and restore @ mentions:

echo "Hello @example" > source.md
$ redact source.md -p mention.js | tee redacted.md
Hello [][0]
$ sed 's/Hello/Bonjour/' redacted.md | tee translated.md
Bonjour [][0]
$ restore -s source.md -r translated.md -p mention.js
Bonjour [@example](https://social-network/example)

Advanced Redaction Example

We also have the option of allowing the redaction and restoration process to change the way the parsed text is processed.

Say we wanted the redacted version of the basic example to expose the @ name like:

Hello [@example][0]

And for changes made to the text in the redaction to be reflected in the generated link like:

Bonjour [@exemple][0] > Bonjour [@exemple](https://social-network/example)

To achieve that, we first move the text value from a property on the redaction node to a full text child node:

diff --git a/mention.js b/mention.js
index beb01ca..af09cc5 100644
--- a/mention.js
+++ b/mention.js
@@ -42,7 +42,11 @@ function tokenizeMention(eat, value, silent) {
         type: 'redaction',
         redactionType: 'mention',
         name: name,
-        text: text
+        children: [{
+          type: 'text',
+          value: text
+        }]
       });
     }

Then, we expand the restoration method to make use of the optional content argument, which will contain the modified version of the text content.

diff --git a/mention.js b/mention.js
index beb01ca..af09cc5 100644
--- a/mention.js
+++ b/mention.js
@@ -8,8 +8,8 @@ function mentions() {
   var methods = Parser.prototype.inlineMethods;
   var restorationMethods = Parser.prototype.restorationMethods;
 
-  restorationMethods.mention = function (add, node) {
-    return createMention(add, node.name, node.text);
+  restorationMethods.mention = function (add, node, content) {
+    return createMention(add, node.name, content);
   }
 
   /* Make the Parser's redact option visible to the tokenizer */

The result:

echo "Hello @example" > source.md
$ redact source.md -p mention.js | tee redacted.md
Hello [@example][0]
$ sed -e 's/Hello/Bonjour/' -e 's/example/exemple/' redacted.md | tee translated.md
Bonjour [@exemple][0]
$ restore -s source.md -r translated.md -p mention.js
Bonjour [@exemple](https://social-network/example)

Keywords

none

Install

npm i @code-dot-org/redactable-markdown

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

182

Version

0.7.0

License

SEE LICENSE IN LICENSE

Unpacked Size

193 kB

Total Files

17

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