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    1.4.0 • Public • Published


    Trap keyboard focus inside a DOM element, to prevent the user navigating outside a modal. When using this, make sure to combine it with a fixed position <Backdrop> that prevents the mouse from clicking input elements.

    Checkout the Storybook demo.


    yarn add @charlietango/use-focus-trap


    const ref = useFocusTrap(active, options)

    The useFocusTrap hook returns a ref that you should assign to the DOM element that needs to trap focus. Anything outside that element, will no longer be able to receive focus.

    You can toggle the trap by setting the active boolean. By default it's activated once the ref is assigned.


    The focus trap accepts an object with these optional options, that give you a bit more control.

    Name Type Default Required Description
    focusSelector string / HTMLElement undefined false Assign focus when activated to the element matching this selector - or a specific element you supply. By default focus will be set to the first valid tab target.
    disableAriaHider boolean false false Disables setting aria-hidden on other elements inside the document.body while the trap is active.


    import React from 'react'
    import useFocusTrap from '@charlietango/use-focus-trap'
    const Component = () => {
      const ref = useFocusTrap()
      return (
        <div ref={ref}>
          <button>Trapped to the button</button>
    export default Component

    Creating a Modal

    When using this hook to create a Modal, there are still a few things you need to handle, that's outside the scope of this hook:

    • Trap focus
    • Close on escape
    • Close on backdrop clicked


    This is the base component for creating a <Modal />. It receives an onRequestClose method, that can be triggered to tell the containing component to update it's state to close the modal. It doesn't contain a <Backdrop />, but that would be a absolute positioned component, that when clicked triggers the onRequestClose method.

    import React, { useEffect } from 'react'
    import ReactDOM from 'react-dom'
    import useFocusTrap from '@charlietango/use-focus-trap'
    import styled from 'styled-components'
    type Props = {
      onRequestClose?: () => void
      children?: React.ReactNode
      isOpen: boolean
      className?: string
    const Wrapper = styled.div`
      position: fixed;
      left: 0;
      right: 0;
      top: 0;
      bottom: 0;
      z-index: 5;
    function BaseModal({ children, isOpen, onRequestClose, className }: Props) {
      const ref = useFocusTrap()
      function handleKeyDown(event: KeyboardEvent) {
        if (event.key === 'Escape') {
          if (onRequestClose) onRequestClose()
      useEffect(() => {
        if (isOpen) {
          document.addEventListener('keydown', handleKeyDown)
          return () => {
            document.removeEventListener('keydown', handleKeyDown)
      }, [isOpen])
      const modal = (
          style={{ pointerEvents: !isOpen ? 'none' : undefined }}
      return ReactDOM.createPortal(modal, window.document.body)
    BaseModal.displayName = 'BaseModal'
    BaseModal.defaultProps = {}
    export default BaseModal



    npm i @charlietango/use-focus-trap

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