@capacitor/preferences
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6.0.1 • Public • Published

@capacitor/preferences

The Preferences API provides a simple key/value persistent store for lightweight data.

Mobile OSs may periodically clear data set in window.localStorage, so this API should be used instead. This API will fall back to using localStorage when running as a Progressive Web App.

This plugin will use UserDefaults on iOS and SharedPreferences on Android. Stored data is cleared if the app is uninstalled.

Note: This API is not meant to be used as a local database. If your app stores a lot of data, has high read/write load, or requires complex querying, we recommend taking a look at a SQLite-based solution. One such solution is Ionic Secure Storage, a SQLite-based engine with full encryption support. The Capacitor Community has also built a number of other storage engines.

Install

npm install @capacitor/preferences
npx cap sync

Apple Privacy Manifest Requirements

Apple mandates that app developers now specify approved reasons for API usage to enhance user privacy. By May 1st, 2024, it's required to include these reasons when submitting apps to the App Store Connect.

When using this specific plugin in your app, you must create a PrivacyInfo.xcprivacy file in /ios/App or use the VS Code Extension to generate it, specifying the usage reasons.

For detailed steps on how to do this, please see the Capacitor Docs.

For this plugin, the required dictionary key is NSPrivacyAccessedAPICategoryUserDefaults and the recommended reason is CA92.1.

Example PrivacyInfo.xcprivacy

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN" "http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd">
<plist version="1.0">
  <dict>
    <key>NSPrivacyAccessedAPITypes</key>
    <array>
      <!-- Add this dict entry to the array if the PrivacyInfo file already exists -->
      <dict>
        <key>NSPrivacyAccessedAPIType</key>
        <string>NSPrivacyAccessedAPICategoryUserDefaults</string>
        <key>NSPrivacyAccessedAPITypeReasons</key>
        <array>
          <string>CA92.1</string>
        </array>
      </dict>
    </array>
  </dict>
</plist>

Example Plugin Usage

import { Preferences } from '@capacitor/preferences';

const setName = async () => {
  await Preferences.set({
    key: 'name',
    value: 'Max',
  });
};

const checkName = async () => {
  const { value } = await Preferences.get({ key: 'name' });

  console.log(`Hello ${value}!`);
};

const removeName = async () => {
  await Preferences.remove({ key: 'name' });
};

Working with JSON

The Preferences API only supports string values. You can, however, use JSON if you JSON.stringify the object before calling set(), then JSON.parse the value returned from get().

This method can also be used to store non-string values, such as numbers and booleans.

API

configure(...)

configure(options: ConfigureOptions) => Promise<void>

Configure the preferences plugin at runtime.

Options that are undefined will not be used.

Param Type
options ConfigureOptions

Since: 1.0.0


get(...)

get(options: GetOptions) => Promise<GetResult>

Get the value from preferences of a given key.

Param Type
options GetOptions

Returns: Promise<GetResult>

Since: 1.0.0


set(...)

set(options: SetOptions) => Promise<void>

Set the value in preferences for a given key.

Param Type
options SetOptions

Since: 1.0.0


remove(...)

remove(options: RemoveOptions) => Promise<void>

Remove the value from preferences for a given key, if any.

Param Type
options RemoveOptions

Since: 1.0.0


clear()

clear() => Promise<void>

Clear keys and values from preferences.

Since: 1.0.0


keys()

keys() => Promise<KeysResult>

Return the list of known keys in preferences.

Returns: Promise<KeysResult>

Since: 1.0.0


migrate()

migrate() => Promise<MigrateResult>

Migrate data from the Capacitor 2 Storage plugin.

This action is non-destructive. It will not remove old data and will only write new data if they key was not already set. To remove the old data after being migrated, call removeOld().

Returns: Promise<MigrateResult>

Since: 1.0.0


removeOld()

removeOld() => Promise<void>

Removes old data with _cap_ prefix from the Capacitor 2 Storage plugin.

Since: 1.1.0


Interfaces

ConfigureOptions

Prop Type Description Default Since
group string Set the preferences group. Preferences groups are used to organize key/value pairs. Using the value 'NativeStorage' provides backwards-compatibility with cordova-plugin-nativestorage. WARNING: The clear() method can delete unintended values when using the 'NativeStorage' group. CapacitorStorage 1.0.0

GetResult

Prop Type Description Since
value string | null The value from preferences associated with the given key. If a value was not previously set or was removed, value will be null. 1.0.0

GetOptions

Prop Type Description Since
key string The key whose value to retrieve from preferences. 1.0.0

SetOptions

Prop Type Description Since
key string The key to associate with the value being set in preferences. 1.0.0
value string The value to set in preferences with the associated key. 1.0.0

RemoveOptions

Prop Type Description Since
key string The key whose value to remove from preferences. 1.0.0

KeysResult

Prop Type Description Since
keys string[] The known keys in preferences. 1.0.0

MigrateResult

Prop Type Description Since
migrated string[] An array of keys that were migrated. 1.0.0
existing string[] An array of keys that were already migrated or otherwise exist in preferences that had a value in the Capacitor 2 Preferences plugin. 1.0.0

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Install

npm i @capacitor/preferences

Weekly Downloads

106,560

Version

6.0.1

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

71.3 kB

Total Files

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Collaborators

  • dtarnawsky
  • mark-ionic
  • itschaced
  • it_mike_s
  • jpender
  • ionicjs
  • jcesarmobile