Nimble Polyglot Microcosm

    @bradleymeck/compositekey

    1.0.0 • Public • Published

    compositeKey, compositeSymbol

    This proposal seeks to add APIs to create composite keys while still allowing the components of the composite key to be GC'd.

    API

    In all APIs order of arguments is preserved in the path to the key. compositeKey(a, b) is different from compositeKey(b, a).

    compositeKey requires at least one component must be a valid key that can be placed in a WeakMap . This is because the main use case for compositeKey is to allow GC to occur when the lifetime of the components is ended. compositeSymbol is for strongly putting the key on an Object and does not benefit from this.

    compositeKey(...parts: [...any]) : Object.freeze({__proto__:null})
    
    compositeSymbol(...parts: [...any]) : Symbol()

    Where will it live

    A builtin module; how to import builtin modules TBD based upon current TC39 discussions.

    FAQ

    Why have both compositeKey and compositeSymbol?

    They are serving two slightly different use cases.

    compositeKey

    Allows using a Map/Set/WeakMap to weakly and/or privately associate data with the lifetime of a group of values.

    compositeSymbol

    Allows strongly attaching data to an Object that is associtated with a group of values. This API can be roughly recreated by using:

    let symbols = new WeakMap;
    compositeSymbol = (...parts) => {
      const key = compositeKey(...parts);
      if (!symbols.has(key)) symbols.set(key, Symbol());
      return symbols.get(key);
    }

    However, this causes a problem of not being a global cache like Symbol.for or compositeKey and may cause fragmentation. It also would be ideal to have compositeSymbol act like Symbol.for in order to reduce total number of possible entries being held onto.

    Why a frozen empty Object for compositeKey?

    So that properties cannot be added to the object that will leak to the global or can be used as a public side channel.

    This gives a few constraints:

    1. The return value must be frozen and a frozen prototype to prevent the side channel from being able to be obtained purely off the reference itself. This leads to null being a good choice for the prototype.

    2. This constraint must be applied to all properties of the object. While no properties are planned for the return value, the values of properties should follow these rules and/or be a primitive.

    Why require a lifetime?

    This prevents accidental leakage by always ensuring keys have a lifetime associated with them.

    What scope is the idempotentcy?

    Still up for debate but some TC39 members would like it to be per Realm.

    Having it be per Realm allows the key store to be more granular and free up segments as Realms are GC'd, but means that there could be multiple keys that correspond to compositeKey(A, B) if you obtain multiple compositeKey instances from multiple realms.

    Having it be across Realms means that you cannot cause duplicate keys for component parts, and matches with Symbol.for. Since the result of compositeKey has a null prototype there is not a way to distinguish which Realm the result was first created in.

    Currently, this proposal is looking to progress with cross Realm idempotentcy.

    When can the key be GC'd

    The path to a key in the key store can be GC'd once any owner of a lifetime in the path is GC'd. This means once any single non-primitive component is GC'd the key cannot be obtained again using these APIs. The key itself is an object subject to normal GC rules and will be removed when it is no longer strongly held.

    If you only store keys in WeakMaps the key and associated values can be GC'd as soon a component of the key is GC'd.

    If you store keys in strongly held structues like a Map; the key will not be able to be GC'd since the key could still be obtained inspecting map.keys() which could be used to get the value associated with the key.

    How could I create a composite key that can return its components?

    You can create a Map that strongly preserves your components in order:

    const myValues = new Map();
    
    const components = [a, b];
    const myKey = compositeKey(...components);
    myValues.set(myKey, components);
    
    
    // ...
    
    let [a, b] = myValues.get(myKey);

    Keywords

    none

    Install

    npm i @bradleymeck/compositekey

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    1

    Version

    1.0.0

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    8.15 kB

    Total Files

    4

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • bradleymeck