@blackglory/structures
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0.14.2 • Public • Published

structures

Common structures.

Install

npm install --save @blackglory/structures
# or
yarn add @blackglory/structures

API

Box

class Box<T> {
  get [Symbol.toStringTag](): string

  constructor(value: T)

  get(): T
  set(value: T): void
}

Cons

convertConsToArray

function convertConsToArray<T>([value, next]: Cons<T>): T[]

convertArrayToCons

function convertArrayToCons<T>([value, ...next]: T[]): Cons<T>

Array

sliceArrayLeft

function sliceArrayLeft<T>(arr: T[], num: number): T[]

sliceArrayRight

function sliceArrayRight<T>(arr: T[], num: number): T[]

truncateArrayLeft

function truncateArrayLeft<T>(arr: T[], num: number): void

truncateArrayRight

function truncateArrayRight<T>(arr: T[], num: number): void

Emitter

type Listener<Args extends unknown[]> = (...args: Args) => void

class Emitter<
  EventToArgs extends Record<Event, unknown[]> = Record<
    string | number | symbol
  , unknown[]
  >
, Event extends string | number | symbol = keyof EventToArgs
> {
  get [Symbol.toStringTag](): string

  on<T extends Event>(event: T, listener: Listener<EventToArgs[T]>): () => void
  once<T extends Event>(event: T, listener: Listener<EventToArgs[T]>): () => void
  emit<T extends Event>(event: T, ...args: EventToArgs[T]): void
  removeAllListeners<T extends Event>(event: T): void
}

GeneratorEmitter

type Listener<Args extends unknown[], Yield, Next> = (...args: Args) =>
| void
| Generator<Yield, void, Next>

class GeneratorEmitter<
  EventToArgs extends Record<Event, unknown[]> = Record<
    string | number | symbol
  , unknown[]
  >
, Event extends string | number | symbol = keyof EventToArgs
, Yield = unknown
, Next = unknown
> {
  get [Symbol.toStringTag](): string

  on<T extends Event>(
    event: T
  , listener: Listener<EventToArgs[T], Yield, Next>
  ): () => void

  once<T extends Event>(
    event: T
  , listener: Listener<EventToArgs[T], Yield, Next>
  ): () => void

  emit<T extends Event>(
    event: T
  , ...args: EventToArgs[T]
  ): Generator<Yield, void, Next>

  removeAllListeners<T extends Event>(event: T): void
}

AsyncGeneratorEmitter

type Listener<Args extends unknown[], Yield, Next> = (...args: Args) =>
| void
| Generator<Yield, void, Next>
| AsyncGenerator<Yield, void, Next>

class AsyncGeneratorEmitter<
  EventToArgs extends Record<Event, unknown[]> = Record<
    string | number | symbol
  , unknown[]
  >
, Event extends string | number | symbol = keyof EventToArgs
, Yield = unknown
, Next = unknown
> {
  get [Symbol.toStringTag](): string

  on<T extends Event>(event: T
  , listener: Listener<EventToArgs[T], Yield, Next>
  ): () => void

  once<T extends Event>(
    event: T
  , listener: Listener<EventToArgs[T], Yield, Next>
  ): () => void

  emit<T extends Event>(
    event: T
  , ...args: EventToArgs[T]
  ): AsyncGenerator<Yield, void, Next>

  removeAllListeners<T extends Event>(event: T): void
}

BigMap

class BigMap<K, V> implements Iterable<[K, V]> {
  get [Symbol.toStringTag](): string

  get size(): number

  set(key: K, value: V): void
  has(key: K): boolean
  get(key: K): V | undefined
  delete(key: K): boolean
  clear(): void

  entries(): IterableIterator<[K, V]>
  keys(): IterableIterator<K>
  values(): IterableIterator<V>
}

The Map that supports unlimited elements.

Note that BigMap cannot preserve the insertion order of elements.

// Map
const map = new Map()
for (let i = 0; i < 100_000_000; i++) {
  map.set(i, null) // RangeError
}
console.log('Never')

// BigMap
const { BigMap } = require('.')
const map = new BigMap()
for (let i = 0; i < 100_000_000; i++) {
  map.set(i, null)
}
console.log('Done')

BigSet

class BigSet<T> implements Iterable<T> {
  get [Symbol.toStringTag]: string

  get size(): number

  add(value: T): this
  has(value: T): boolean
  delete(value: T): boolean
  clear(): void

  values(): IterableIterator<T>
}

The Set that supports unlimited elements.

Note that BigSet cannot preserve the insertion order of elements.

// Set
const set = new Set()
for (let i = 0; i < 100_000_000; i++) {
  set.add(i) // RangeError
}
console.log('Never')

// BigSet
const set = new BigSet()
for (let i = 0; i < 100_000_000; i++) {
  set.add(i)
}
console.log('Done')

HashMap

class HashMap<K, V, Hash = unknown> {
  get [Symbol.toStringTag](): string
  get size(): number

  constructor(hash: (key: K) => Hash)

  set(key: K, value: V): this
  has(key: K): boolean
  get(key: K): V | undefined
  delete(key: K): boolean
  clear(): void
}

HashSet

class HashSet<V, Hash = unknown> implements Iterable<V> {
  get [Symbol.toStringTag](): string
  get size(): number
  [Symbol.iterator](): IterableIterator<V>

  constructor(hash: (value: V) => Hash)

  add(value: V): this
  delete(value: V): boolean
  has(value: V): boolean
  clear(): void
  values(): IterableIterator<V>
}

LRUMap

class LRUMap<K, V> {
  get [Symbol.toStringTag](): string
  get size(): number

  constructor(limit: number)

  set(key: K, value: V): this
  has(key: K): boolean
  get(key: K): V | undefined
  delete(key: K): boolean
  clear(): void
}

ExpirableMap

class ExpirableMap<K, V> {
  get[Symbol.toStringTag](): string
  get size(): number

  constructor()

  set(key: K, value: V, timeToLive?: number = Infinity): this
  has(key: K): boolean
  get(key: K): V | undefined
  delete(key: K): boolean
  clear(): void
}

TLRUMap

class TLRUMap<K, V> {
  get[Symbol.toStringTag](): string
  get size(): number

  constructor(limit: number)

  set(key: K, value: V, timeToLive?: number = Infinity): this
  has(key: K): boolean
  get(key: K): V | undefined
  delete(key: K): boolean
  clear(): void
}

Queue

class Queue<T> {
  get [Symbol.toStringTag](): string
  get size(): number

  empty(): void
  enqueue(...items: T[]): void
  dequeue(): T | undefined
  remove(item: T): void
}

TrieMap

class TrieMap<K extends Iterable<T>, V, T = unknown> {
  get [Symbol.toStringTag](): string

  keys(): IterableIterator<T[]>
  values(): IterableIterator<V>
  entries(): IterableIterator<[key: T[], value: V]>

  set(key: K, value: V): this
  has(key: K): boolean
  get(key: K): V | undefined
  delete(key: K): boolean
}

Note that you might expect this data structure to be more space efficient than BigMap, but it doesn't. In V8, it can only store about 80% of data of BigMap.

StringTrieMap

class StringTrieMap<T> {
  get [Symbol.toStringTag](): string

  keys(): IterableIterator<string>
  values(): IterableIterator<T>
  entries(): IterableIterator<[key: string, value: T]>

  set(key: string, value: T): this
  has(key: string): boolean
  get(key: string): T | undefined
  delete(key: string): boolean
}

Note that you might expect this data structure to be more space efficient than BigMap, but it doesn't. In V8, it can only store about 80% of data of BigMap.

RadixTree

class RadixTree<K extends Iterable<T>, V, T = unknown> {
  get [Symbol.toStringTag](): string

  entries(): IterableIterator<[key: T[], value: V]>
  keys(): IterableIterator<T[]>
  values(): IterableIterator<V>

  set(key: K, value: V): this
  has(key: K): boolean
  get(key: K): V | undefined
  delete(key: K): boolean
}

Note that you might expect this data structure to be more space efficient than BigMap, but it doesn't. In V8, it can only store about 80% of data of BigMap.

StringRadixTree

class StringRadixTree<T> {
  get [Symbol.toStringTag](): string

  keys(): IterableIterator<string>
  values(): IterableIterator<T>
  entries(): IterableIterator<[key: string, value: T]>

  set(key: string, value: T): this
  has(key: string): boolean
  get(key: string): T | undefined
  delete(key: string): boolean
}

Note that you might expect this data structure to be more space efficient than BigMap, but it doesn't. In V8, it can only store about 80% of data of BigMap.

SparseSet

class SparseSet implements Iterable<number> {
  get [Symbol.toStringTag](): string
  get [Symbol.iterator](): IterableIterator<number>
  get size(): number

  constructor(array?: number[])

  values(): IterableIterator<number>

  has(value: number): boolean
  add(value: number): void
  delete(value: number): boolean
  clear(): void
}

Note that SparseSet is not faster than JavaScript's built-in Set in many cases.

SparseMap

class SparseMap<T> {
  get [Symbol.toStringTag](): string
  get size(): number

  /**
   * `SparseMap` cannot respond to any operations on the internal array,
   * you must ensure that indexes accessed are less than the length of `SparseMap`.
   * 
   * Keys do not correspond to indexes of the array.
   */
  get internalArray(): T[]

  entries(): IterableIterator<[key: number, value: T]>
  keys(): IterableIterator<number>
  values(): IterableIterator<T>

  getInternalIndexOfKey(key: number): number | undefined

  has(key: number): boolean
  get(key: number): T | undefined
  set(key: number, value: T): void
  delete(key: number): void
  clear(): void
}

DynamicTypedArray

class DynamicTypedArray<T extends TypedArrayConstructor> {
  get [Symbol.toStringTag](): string
  get BYTES_PER_ELEMENT(): number
  get capacity(): number
  get length(): number
  readonly growthFactor: number

  /**
   * `DynamicTypedArray` cannot respond to any operations on the internal array,
   * you must ensure that indexes accessed are less than the length of `DynamicTypedArray`.
   */
  get internalTypedArray(): TypedArrayOfConstructor<T>

  constructor(
    typedArrayConstructor: T
  , options?: {
      capacity?: number = 0
      growthFactor?: number = 1.5
    }
  )

  set(index: number, value: number): void
  setValues(index: number, values: TypedArrayOfConstructor<T>): void
  get(index: number): number | undefined
  push(...values: number[]): void
  pop(): number | undefined
  clear(): void
  sort(compare?: (a: number, b: number) => number): void
}

TypedSparseSet

class TypedSparseSet<T extends UnsignedTypedArrayConstructor> {
  get [Symbol.toStringTag](): string
  get [Symbol.iterator](): IterableIterator<number>
  get size(): number

  constructor(array: DynamicTypedArray<T>)

  values(): IterableIterator<number>

  has(value: number): boolean
  add(value: number): void
  delete(value: number): boolean
  clear(): void
}

TypedSparseMap

class TypedSparseMap<T extends TypedArrayConstructor> {
  get [Symbol.toStringTag](): string
  get size(): number

  /**
   * `SparseMap` cannot respond to any operations on the internal array,
   * you must ensure that indexes accessed are less than the length of `SparseMap`.
   * 
   * Keys do not correspond to indexes of the array.
   */
  get internalTypedArray(): TypedArrayOfConstructor<T>

  constructor(array: DynamicTypedArray<T>)

  entries(): IterableIterator<[key: number, value: number]>
  keys(): IterableIterator<number>
  values(): IterableIterator<number>

  getInternalIndexOfKey(key: number): number | undefined

  has(key: number): boolean
  get(key: number): T | undefined
  set(key: number, value: number): void
  delete(key: number): void
  clear(): void
}

SortedSet

class SortedSet<T> {
  get [Symbol.toStringTag](): string
  [Symbol.iterator](): IterableIterator<T>

  constructor(compare: (a: T, b: T) => number)

  values(): IterableIterator<T>
  has(value: T): boolean
  add(value: T): void
  delete(value: T): void
}

BitSet

class BitSet {
  get [Symbol.toStringTag](): string
  get size(): number
  [Symbol.iterator](): IterableIterator<number>

  constructor(bitsPerElement: number = 8)

  values(): IterableIterator<number>

  has(value: number): boolean
  add(value: number): boolean
  delete(value: number): boolean
  clear(): void
}

Due to the length of arrays supported by JavaScript, BitSet cannot support very large values.

TypedBitSet

class TypedBitSet<T extends UnsignedTypedArrayConstructor> {
  get [Symbol.toStringTag](): string
  get size(): number
  [Symbol.iterator](): IterableIterator<number>

  constructor(array: DynamicTypedArray<T>)

  values(): IterableIterator<number>

  has(value: number): boolean
  add(value: number): boolean
  delete(value: number): boolean
  clear(): void
}

Due to the length of arrays supported by JavaScript, TypedBitSit cannot support very large values.

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Version

0.14.2

License

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