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@azure/ng-deploy

0.2.3 • Public • Published

@azure/ng-deploy

npm version Build Status The MIT License

Deploy Angular apps to Azure using the Angular CLI

@azure/ng-deploy helps you deploy your Angular app to Azure Static Hosting using the Angular CLI.

Quick-start

  1. Install the Angular CLI (v8 or greater) and create a new Angular project.

    npm install -g @angular/cli
    ng new hello-world --defaults
    cd hello-world
  2. Add ng-deploy to your project and create your Azure blob storage resources.

    ng add @azure/ng-deploy
  3. You may be prompted you to sign in to Azure, providing a link to open in your browser and a code to paste in the login page.

  4. Build your Angular app.

    ng build --prod
  5. Deploy your project to Azure.

    ng run hello-world:deploy

You will see output similar to the following. Browse to the link and view your site running in Azure blob storage!

see your deployed site at https://helloworldstatic52.z22.web.core.windows.net/

Requirements

You will need the Angular CLI, an Angular project, and an Azure Subscription to deploy to Azure. Details of these requirements are in this section.

Azure

If you don't have an Azure subscription, create your Azure free account from this link.

Angular CLI

  1. Install the Angular CLI (v8 or greater).

    npm install -g @angular/cli
  2. Run ng --version, make sure you have angular CLI version v8.0.0 or greater.

  3. If need instructions to update the CLI, follow these upgrade instructions.

  4. Update your project using the command:

    ng update @angular/cli @angular/core

An Angular App Created by the Angular CLI

You will need an Angular app created and managed by the Angular CLI. For help getting started with a new Angular app, check out the Angular CLI.

A simple app can be created with ng new hello-world --defaults

Verify you have TypeScript version 3.4.5 or greater in your package.json file of your angular project

Details of ng-azure-deploy

How to add and configure @azure/ng-deploy

Add @azure/ng-deploy to your project by running:

ng add @azure/ng-deploy

This command will install the package to your project.

Once done, it will prompt you to sign in to Azure, providing a link to open in your browser and a code to paste in the login page.

After you sign in, it will create the needed resources in your Azure account (resource group and storage account) and configure them for static hosting. To manually configure the resources that will be used, refer to additional options.

Note: If you have several Azure subscriptions you will be asked to choose one.

The command will create the file azure.json with the deployment configuration and modify angular.json with the deploy commands.

Note: at the moment, the command will fail if an azure.json file already exists. Please remove the file before running the command.

deploy

You can deploy your application to the selected storage account by running the following command.

ng run <project-name>:deploy

If the build target (dist/<project-name> folder) is empty, the project will be built with the production option (similar to running ng build --prod).

You may be asked to sign in to Azure again. Then, the project will be deployed to the storage account specified in azure.json. The link to the deployed app will be presented.

Logging out from Azure

To clear the cached credentials run:

ng run <project-name>:azureLogout

This command is available only after signing in to Azure.

Data/Telemetry

This project collects usage data and sends it to Microsoft to help improve our products and services.

Read Microsoft's privacy statement to learn more.

To turn off telemetry, add the telemetry flag (--telemetry or -t) with the false value when running ng add, like this:

ng add ng-deploy-azure --telemetry=false

or

ng add ng-deploy-azure -t=false

Additional options

Manual configurations

To manually select and/or create the resources needed for deployment, use the --manual (or -m) option:

ng add @azure/ng-deploy --manual

You will be prompted to select or create the resource group and the storage account in which the app will be deployed. If you choose to create a resource group you will be asked to select the geographical location.

Passing configuration options

You can pass the names of the resources you'd like to use when running the command. Resources that don't already exist will be created. If using --manual you will be prompted to select the remaining configuration options. Otherwise, defaults will be used.

The available options are:

  • --subscriptionId (-i) - subscription ID under which to select and/or create new resources
  • --subscriptionName (-n) - subscription name under which to select and/or create new resources
  • --resourceGroup (-g) - name of the Azure Resource Group to deploy to
  • --account (-a) - name of the Azure Storage Account to deploy to
  • --location (-l) - location where to create storage account e.g. "West US" or westus
  • --telemetry (-t) - see Data/Telemetry

Example:

ng add @azure/ng-deploy -m -l="East US" -a=myangularapp

Name validation

When creating a new storage account, the provided name will be validated.

The requirements for these names are:

  • between 3 and 24 characters
  • lower case letters and numbers only
  • unique across Azure

If the validation fails, the tool will suggest a valid name. You will be able to select it or try another one.

Continuous Integration Mode

When deploying from a CI environement, we switch to a non-interactive login process that requires you to provide [Service Principal][principal-service] crendetials as environment variables. A [Service Principal][principal-service] is an application within [Azure Active Directory][active-directory] that we can use to perform unattended resource and service level operations.

Creating a Service Principal

In orther to create and get the [Service Principal][principal-service] application credentials, you can either use the [Azure Portal][principal-service-portal] or use the [Azure CLI][azure-cli].

We recommend using the Azure CLI and running the following command:

AZURE_SUBSCRIPTION_ID="<a valid subscription ID>"
SP_NAME='<a principal service name>'
az ad sp create-for-rbac --role="Contributor" --scopes="/subscriptions/$AZURE_SUBSCRIPTION_ID" --name="$SP_NAME"

This command will output the following values:

{
  "appId": "xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx",
  "displayName": "<the principal service name>",
  "name": "http://<the principal service name>",
  "password": "xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx",
  "tenant": "xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx"
}

You can use the Azure CLI to test that these values work and you can logging in:

az login --service-principal -u $CLIENT_ID -p $CLIENT_SECRET --tenant $TENANT_ID

Configuring the environment variables

We will need to set the following environment variables BEFORE adding @azure/ng-deploy or running the deploy command:

  • CI: this must be set to 1. This will enable the CI mode.
  • CLIENT_ID: is the appId created above.
  • CLIENT_SECRET: is the password created above.
  • TENANT_ID: is the tenant created above.
  • AZURE_SUBSCRIPTION_ID: is your valid subscription ID.

Here is a simple shell example:

export CI=1
export CLIENT_ID='xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx'
export CLIENT_SECRET='xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx'
export TENANT_ID='xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx'
export AZURE_SUBSCRIPTION_ID="xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx"
ng run <project-name>:deploy

For security reasons, we highly recommend to create and provide these environment variables through a different method, eg. [Github Secrets][github-secrets] or [Azure DevOps Secrets][azure-devops-secrets].

Reporting Security Issues

Security issues and bugs should be reported privately, via email, to the Microsoft Security Response Center (MSRC) at secure@microsoft.com. You should receive a response within 24 hours. If for some reason you do not, please follow up via email to ensure we received your original message. Further information, including the MSRC PGP key, can be found in the Security TechCenter.

Contributing

Please refer to CONTRIBUTING for CLA guidance.

Thank You

  • Minko Gechev for guiding us through the new Angular CLI Architect API, which enables adding commands.

  • Brian Holt for creating azez, which provided us an (az)easy start.

  • John Papa for guiding through and supporting the development, publish and release.

Related Resources

install

npm i @azure/ng-deploy

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142

version

0.2.3

license

MIT

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