@azure/app-configuration
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1.6.0 • Public • Published

App Configuration client library for JavaScript

Azure App Configuration is a managed service that helps developers centralize their application and feature settings simply and securely.

Use the client library for App Configuration to:

  • Create flexible key representations and mappings
  • Tag keys with labels
  • Replay settings from any point in time
  • Manage snapshots of an app's configuration

Key links:

Getting started

Install the package

npm install @azure/app-configuration

Currently supported environments

See our support policy for more details.

Prerequisites

Create an App Configuration resource

You can use the Azure Portal or the Azure CLI to create an Azure App Configuration resource.

Example (Azure CLI):

az appconfig create --name <app-configuration-resource-name> --resource-group <resource-group-name> --location eastus

Authenticate the client

AppConfigurationClient can authenticate using a service principal or using a connection string.

Authenticating with a service principal

Authentication via service principal is done by:

  • Creating a credential using the @azure/identity package.
  • Setting appropriate RBAC rules on your AppConfiguration resource. More information on App Configuration roles can be found here.

Using DefaultAzureCredential

const azureIdentity = require("@azure/identity");
const appConfig = require("@azure/app-configuration");

const credential = new azureIdentity.DefaultAzureCredential();
const client = new appConfig.AppConfigurationClient(
  endpoint, // ex: <https://<your appconfig resource>.azconfig.io>
  credential
);

More information about @azure/identity can be found here

Sovereign Clouds

To authenticate with a resource in a Sovereign Cloud, you will need to set the authorityHost in the credential options or via the AZURE_AUTHORITY_HOST environment variable.

const { AppConfigurationClient } = require("@azure/app-configuration");
const { DefaultAzureCredential, AzureAuthorityHosts } = require("@azure/identity");

// Create an AppConfigurationClient that will authenticate through AAD in the China cloud
const client = new AppConfigurationClient(
  endpoint, // ex: <https://<your appconfig resource>.azconfig.azure.cn>
  new DefaultAzureCredential({ authorityHost: AzureAuthorityHosts.AzureChina })
);

More information about @azure/identity can be found here

Authenticating with a connection string

To get the Primary connection string for an App Configuration resource you can use this Azure CLI command:

az appconfig credential list -g <resource-group-name> -n <app-configuration-resource-name> --query "([?name=='Primary'].connectionString)[0]"

And in code you can now create your App Configuration client with the connection string you got from the Azure CLI:

const client = new AppConfigurationClient("<connection string>");

Key concepts

The AppConfigurationClient has some terminology changes from App Configuration in the portal.

  • Key/Value pairs are represented as ConfigurationSetting objects
  • Locking and unlocking a setting is represented in the isReadOnly field, which you can toggle using setReadOnly.
  • Snapshots are represented as ConfigurationSnapshot objects.

The client follows a simple design methodology - ConfigurationSetting can be passed into any method that takes a ConfigurationSettingParam or ConfigurationSettingId.

This means this pattern works:

const setting = await client.getConfigurationSetting({
  key: "hello"
});

setting.value = "new value!";
await client.setConfigurationSetting(setting);

// fields unrelated to just identifying the setting are simply
// ignored (for instance, the `value` field)
await client.setReadOnly(setting, true);

// delete just needs to identify the setting so other fields are
// just ignored
await client.deleteConfigurationSetting(setting);

or, for example, re-getting a setting:

let setting = await client.getConfigurationSetting({
  key: "hello"
});

// re-get the setting
setting = await client.getConfigurationSetting(setting);

The 2022-11-01-preview API version supports configuration snapshots: immutable, point-in-time copies of a configuration store. Snapshots can be created with filters that determine which key-value pairs are contained within the snapshot, creating an immutable, composed view of the configuration store. This feature enables applications to hold a consistent view of configuration, ensuring that there are no version mismatches to individual settings due to reading as updates were made. For example, this feature can be used to create "release configuration snapshots" within an App Configuration. See the create and get a snapshot section in the example below.

Examples

Create and get a setting

const appConfig = require("@azure/app-configuration");

const client = new appConfig.AppConfigurationClient(
  "<App Configuration connection string goes here>"
);

async function run() {
  const newSetting = await client.setConfigurationSetting({
    key: "testkey",
    value: "testvalue",
    // Labels allow you to create variants of a key tailored
    // for specific use-cases like supporting multiple environments.
    // https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/azure-app-configuration/concept-key-value#label-keys
    label: "optional-label"
  });

  let retrievedSetting = await client.getConfigurationSetting({
    key: "testkey",
    label: "optional-label"
  });

  console.log("Retrieved value:", retrievedSetting.value);
}

run().catch((err) => console.log("ERROR:", err));

Create a snapshot

beginCreateSnapshot gives you the poller to poll for the snapshot creation.

const { AppConfigurationClient } = require("@azure/app-configuration");

const client = new AppConfigurationClient(
  "<App Configuration connection string goes here>"
);


async function run() {
  const key = "testkey";
  const value = "testvalue";
  const label = "optional-label";

  await client.addConfigurationSetting({
    key,
    value,
    label
  });

  const poller = await client.beginCreateSnapshot({
    name:"testsnapshot",
    retentionPeriod: 2592000,
    filters: [{keyFilter: key, labelFilter: label}],
  });
  const snapshot = await poller.pollUntilDone();
}

run().catch((err) => console.log("ERROR:", err));

You can also use beginCreateSnapshotAndWait to have the result of the creation directly after the polling is done.

const snapshot  = await client.beginCreateSnapshotAndWait({
  name:"testsnapshot",
  retentionPeriod: 2592000,
  filters: [{keyFilter: key, labelFilter: label}],
});

Get a snapshot

const retrievedSnapshot = await client.getSnapshot("testsnapshot");
console.log("Retrieved snapshot:", retrievedSnapshot);

List the ConfigurationSetting in the snapshot

let retrievedSnapshotSettings = await client.listConfigurationSettingsForSnapshot("testsnapshot");

for await (const setting of retrievedSnapshotSettings) {
  console.log(`Found key: ${setting.key}, label: ${setting.label}`);
}

List all snapshots from the service

let snapshots = await client.listSnapshots();

for await (const snapshot of snapshots) {
  console.log(`Found snapshot: ${snapshot.name}`);
}

Recover and archive the snapshot

// Snapshot is in ready status
let archivedSnapshot = await client.archiveSnapshot("testsnapshot");
console.log("Snapshot updated status is:", archivedSnapshot.status);

// Snapshot is in archive status
let recoverSnapshot = await client.recoverSnapshot("testsnapshot");
console.log("Snapshot updated status is:", recoverSnapshot.status);

Troubleshooting

Logging

Enabling logging may help uncover useful information about failures. In order to see a log of HTTP requests and responses, set the AZURE_LOG_LEVEL environment variable to info. Alternatively, logging can be enabled at runtime by calling setLogLevel in the @azure/logger:

const { setLogLevel } = require("@azure/logger");

setLogLevel("info");

For more detailed instructions on how to enable logs, you can look at the @azure/logger package docs.

React Native support

React Native does not support some JavaScript API used by this SDK library so you need to provide polyfills for them. Please see our React Native sample with Expo for more details.

Next steps

The following samples show you the various ways you can interact with App Configuration:

More in-depth examples can be found in the samples folder on GitHub.

Contributing

If you'd like to contribute to this library, please read the contributing guide to learn more about how to build and test the code.

This module's tests are a mixture of live and unit tests, which require you to have an Azure App Configuration instance. To execute the tests you'll need to run:

  1. rush update
  2. rush build -t @azure/app-configuration
  3. Create a .env file with these contents in the sdk\appconfiguration\app-configuration folder: APPCONFIG_CONNECTION_STRING=connection string for your App Configuration instance
  4. cd sdk\appconfiguration\app-configuration
  5. npm run test.

View our tests folder for more details.

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npm i @azure/app-configuration

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