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1.91.0 • Public • Published

AWS Secrets Manager Construct Library

cfn-resources: Stable

cdk-constructs: Stable

import * as secretsmanager from '@aws-cdk/aws-secretsmanager';

Create a new Secret in a Stack

In order to have SecretsManager generate a new secret value automatically, you can get started with the following:

example of creating a secret

The Secret construct does not allow specifying the SecretString property of the AWS::SecretsManager::Secret resource (as this will almost always lead to the secret being surfaced in plain text and possibly committed to your source control).

If you need to use a pre-existing secret, the recommended way is to manually provision the secret in AWS SecretsManager and use the Secret.fromSecretArn or Secret.fromSecretAttributes method to make it available in your CDK Application:

const secret = secretsmanager.Secret.fromSecretAttributes(scope, 'ImportedSecret', {
  secretArn: 'arn:aws:secretsmanager:<region>:<account-id-number>:secret:<secret-name>-<random-6-characters>',
  // If the secret is encrypted using a KMS-hosted CMK, either import or reference that key:

SecretsManager secret values can only be used in select set of properties. For the list of properties, see the CloudFormation Dynamic References documentation.

A secret can set RemovalPolicy. If it set to RETAIN, that removing a secret will fail.

Grant permission to use the secret to a role

You must grant permission to a resource for that resource to be allowed to use a secret. This can be achieved with the Secret.grantRead and/or Secret.grantUpdate method, depending on your need:

const role = new iam.Role(stack, 'SomeRole', { assumedBy: new iam.AccountRootPrincipal() });
const secret = new secretsmanager.Secret(stack, 'Secret');

If, as in the following example, your secret was created with a KMS key:

const key = new kms.Key(stack, 'KMS');
const secret = new secretsmanager.Secret(stack, 'Secret', { encryptionKey: key });

then Secret.grantRead and Secret.grantWrite will also grant the role the relevant encrypt and decrypt permissions to the KMS key through the SecretsManager service principal.

Rotating a Secret

Using a Custom Lambda Function

A rotation schedule can be added to a Secret using a custom Lambda function:

const fn = new lambda.Function(...);
const secret = new secretsmanager.Secret(this, 'Secret');

secret.addRotationSchedule('RotationSchedule', {
  rotationLambda: fn,
  automaticallyAfter: Duration.days(15)

See Overview of the Lambda Rotation Function on how to implement a Lambda Rotation Function.

Using a Hosted Lambda Function

Use the hostedRotation prop to rotate a secret with a hosted Lambda function:

const secret = new secretsmanager.Secret(this, 'Secret');

secret.addRotationSchedule('RotationSchedule', {
  hostedRotation: secretsmanager.HostedRotation.mysqlSingleUser(),

Hosted rotation is available for secrets representing credentials for MySQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle, MariaDB, SQLServer, Redshift and MongoDB (both for the single and multi user schemes).

When deployed in a VPC, the hosted rotation implements ec2.IConnectable:

const myHostedRotation = secretsmanager.HostedRotation.mysqlSingleUser({ vpc: myVpc });
secret.addRotationSchedule('RotationSchedule', { hostedRotation: myHostedRotation });

See also Automating secret creation in AWS CloudFormation.

Rotating database credentials

Define a SecretRotation to rotate database credentials:

new secretsmanager.SecretRotation(this, 'SecretRotation', {
  application: secretsmanager.SecretRotationApplication.MYSQL_ROTATION_SINGLE_USER, // MySQL single user scheme
  secret: mySecret,
  target: myDatabase, // a Connectable
  vpc: myVpc, // The VPC where the secret rotation application will be deployed
  excludeCharacters: ' %+:;{}', // characters to never use when generating new passwords;
                                // by default, no characters are excluded,
                                // which might cause problems with some services, like DMS

The secret must be a JSON string with the following format:

  "engine": "<required: database engine>",
  "host": "<required: instance host name>",
  "username": "<required: username>",
  "password": "<required: password>",
  "dbname": "<optional: database name>",
  "port": "<optional: if not specified, default port will be used>",
  "masterarn": "<required for multi user rotation: the arn of the master secret which will be used to create users/change passwords>"

For the multi user scheme, a masterSecret must be specified:

new secretsmanager.SecretRotation(stack, 'SecretRotation', {
  application: secretsmanager.SecretRotationApplication.MYSQL_ROTATION_MULTI_USER,
  secret: myUserSecret, // The secret that will be rotated
  masterSecret: myMasterSecret, // The secret used for the rotation
  target: myDatabase,
  vpc: myVpc,

See also aws-rds where credentials generation and rotation is integrated.

Importing Secrets

Existing secrets can be imported by ARN, name, and other attributes (including the KMS key used to encrypt the secret). Secrets imported by name should use the short-form of the name (without the SecretsManager-provided suffx); the secret name must exist in the same account and region as the stack. Importing by name makes it easier to reference secrets created in different regions, each with their own suffix and ARN.

import * as kms from '@aws-cdk/aws-kms';

const secretCompleteArn = 'arn:aws:secretsmanager:eu-west-1:111111111111:secret:MySecret-f3gDy9';
const secretPartialArn = 'arn:aws:secretsmanager:eu-west-1:111111111111:secret:MySecret'; // No Secrets Manager suffix
const encryptionKey = kms.Key.fromKeyArn(stack, 'MyEncKey', 'arn:aws:kms:eu-west-1:111111111111:key/21c4b39b-fde2-4273-9ac0-d9bb5c0d0030');
const mySecretFromCompleteArn = secretsmanager.Secret.fromSecretCompleteArn(stack, 'SecretFromCompleteArn', secretCompleteArn);
const mySecretFromPartialArn = secretsmanager.Secret.fromSecretPartialArn(stack, 'SecretFromPartialArn', secretPartialArn);
const mySecretFromName = secretsmanager.Secret.fromSecretNameV2(stack, 'SecretFromName', 'MySecret')
const mySecretFromAttrs = secretsmanager.Secret.fromSecretAttributes(stack, 'SecretFromAttributes', {


npm i @aws-cdk/aws-secretsmanager

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