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    AWS Secrets Manager Construct Library

    cfn-resources: Stable

    cdk-constructs: Stable

    import * as secretsmanager from '@aws-cdk/aws-secretsmanager';

    Create a new Secret in a Stack

    In order to have SecretsManager generate a new secret value automatically, you can get started with the following:

    // Default secret
    const secret = new secretsmanager.Secret(this, 'Secret');
    // Using the default secret
    new iam.User(this, 'User', {
      password: secret.secretValue,
    // Templated secret
    const templatedSecret = new secretsmanager.Secret(this, 'TemplatedSecret', {
      generateSecretString: {
        secretStringTemplate: JSON.stringify({ username: 'user' }),
        generateStringKey: 'password',
    // Using the templated secret
    new iam.User(this, 'OtherUser', {
      userName: templatedSecret.secretValueFromJson('username').toString(),
      password: templatedSecret.secretValueFromJson('password'),

    If you need to use a pre-existing secret, the recommended way is to manually provision the secret in AWS SecretsManager and use the Secret.fromSecretArn or Secret.fromSecretAttributes method to make it available in your CDK Application:

    declare const encryptionKey: kms.Key;
    const secret = secretsmanager.Secret.fromSecretAttributes(this, 'ImportedSecret', {
      secretArn: 'arn:aws:secretsmanager:<region>:<account-id-number>:secret:<secret-name>-<random-6-characters>',
      // If the secret is encrypted using a KMS-hosted CMK, either import or reference that key:

    SecretsManager secret values can only be used in select set of properties. For the list of properties, see the CloudFormation Dynamic References documentation.

    A secret can set RemovalPolicy. If it set to RETAIN, that removing a secret will fail.

    Grant permission to use the secret to a role

    You must grant permission to a resource for that resource to be allowed to use a secret. This can be achieved with the Secret.grantRead and/or Secret.grantWrite method, depending on your need:

    const role = new iam.Role(this, 'SomeRole', { assumedBy: new iam.AccountRootPrincipal() });
    const secret = new secretsmanager.Secret(this, 'Secret');

    If, as in the following example, your secret was created with a KMS key:

    declare const role: iam.Role;
    const key = new kms.Key(this, 'KMS');
    const secret = new secretsmanager.Secret(this, 'Secret', { encryptionKey: key });

    then Secret.grantRead and Secret.grantWrite will also grant the role the relevant encrypt and decrypt permissions to the KMS key through the SecretsManager service principal.

    The principal is automatically added to Secret resource policy and KMS Key policy for cross account access:

    const otherAccount = new iam.AccountPrincipal('1234');
    const key = new kms.Key(this, 'KMS');
    const secret = new secretsmanager.Secret(this, 'Secret', { encryptionKey: key });

    Rotating a Secret

    Using a Custom Lambda Function

    A rotation schedule can be added to a Secret using a custom Lambda function:

    import * as lambda from '@aws-cdk/aws-lambda';
    declare const fn: lambda.Function;
    const secret = new secretsmanager.Secret(this, 'Secret');
    secret.addRotationSchedule('RotationSchedule', {
      rotationLambda: fn,
      automaticallyAfter: Duration.days(15),

    Note: The required permissions for Lambda to call SecretsManager and the other way round are automatically granted based on AWS Documentation as long as the Lambda is not imported.

    See Overview of the Lambda Rotation Function on how to implement a Lambda Rotation Function.

    Using a Hosted Lambda Function

    Use the hostedRotation prop to rotate a secret with a hosted Lambda function:

    const secret = new secretsmanager.Secret(this, 'Secret');
    secret.addRotationSchedule('RotationSchedule', {
      hostedRotation: secretsmanager.HostedRotation.mysqlSingleUser(),

    Hosted rotation is available for secrets representing credentials for MySQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle, MariaDB, SQLServer, Redshift and MongoDB (both for the single and multi user schemes).

    When deployed in a VPC, the hosted rotation implements ec2.IConnectable:

    declare const myVpc: ec2.Vpc;
    declare const dbConnections: ec2.Connections;
    declare const secret: secretsmanager.Secret;
    const myHostedRotation = secretsmanager.HostedRotation.mysqlSingleUser({ vpc: myVpc });
    secret.addRotationSchedule('RotationSchedule', { hostedRotation: myHostedRotation });

    See also Automating secret creation in AWS CloudFormation.

    Rotating database credentials

    Define a SecretRotation to rotate database credentials:

    declare const mySecret: secretsmanager.Secret;
    declare const myDatabase: ec2.IConnectable;
    declare const myVpc: ec2.Vpc;
    new secretsmanager.SecretRotation(this, 'SecretRotation', {
      application: secretsmanager.SecretRotationApplication.MYSQL_ROTATION_SINGLE_USER, // MySQL single user scheme
      secret: mySecret,
      target: myDatabase, // a Connectable
      vpc: myVpc, // The VPC where the secret rotation application will be deployed
      excludeCharacters: ' %+:;{}', // characters to never use when generating new passwords;
                                    // by default, no characters are excluded,
                                    // which might cause problems with some services, like DMS

    The secret must be a JSON string with the following format:

      "engine": "<required: database engine>",
      "host": "<required: instance host name>",
      "username": "<required: username>",
      "password": "<required: password>",
      "dbname": "<optional: database name>",
      "port": "<optional: if not specified, default port will be used>",
      "masterarn": "<required for multi user rotation: the arn of the master secret which will be used to create users/change passwords>"

    For the multi user scheme, a masterSecret must be specified:

    declare const myUserSecret: secretsmanager.Secret;
    declare const myMasterSecret: secretsmanager.Secret;
    declare const myDatabase: ec2.IConnectable;
    declare const myVpc: ec2.Vpc;
    new secretsmanager.SecretRotation(this, 'SecretRotation', {
      application: secretsmanager.SecretRotationApplication.MYSQL_ROTATION_MULTI_USER,
      secret: myUserSecret, // The secret that will be rotated
      masterSecret: myMasterSecret, // The secret used for the rotation
      target: myDatabase,
      vpc: myVpc,

    See also aws-rds where credentials generation and rotation is integrated.

    Importing Secrets

    Existing secrets can be imported by ARN, name, and other attributes (including the KMS key used to encrypt the secret). Secrets imported by name should use the short-form of the name (without the SecretsManager-provided suffx); the secret name must exist in the same account and region as the stack. Importing by name makes it easier to reference secrets created in different regions, each with their own suffix and ARN.

    const secretCompleteArn = 'arn:aws:secretsmanager:eu-west-1:111111111111:secret:MySecret-f3gDy9';
    const secretPartialArn = 'arn:aws:secretsmanager:eu-west-1:111111111111:secret:MySecret'; // No Secrets Manager suffix
    const encryptionKey = kms.Key.fromKeyArn(this, 'MyEncKey', 'arn:aws:kms:eu-west-1:111111111111:key/21c4b39b-fde2-4273-9ac0-d9bb5c0d0030');
    const mySecretFromCompleteArn = secretsmanager.Secret.fromSecretCompleteArn(this, 'SecretFromCompleteArn', secretCompleteArn);
    const mySecretFromPartialArn = secretsmanager.Secret.fromSecretPartialArn(this, 'SecretFromPartialArn', secretPartialArn);
    const mySecretFromName = secretsmanager.Secret.fromSecretNameV2(this, 'SecretFromName', 'MySecret')
    const mySecretFromAttrs = secretsmanager.Secret.fromSecretAttributes(this, 'SecretFromAttributes', {

    Replicating secrets

    Secrets can be replicated to multiple regions by specifying replicaRegions:

    declare const myKey: kms.Key;
    new secretsmanager.Secret(this, 'Secret', {
      replicaRegions: [
          region: 'eu-west-1',
          region: 'eu-central-1',
          encryptionKey: myKey,

    Alternatively, use addReplicaRegion():

    const secret = new secretsmanager.Secret(this, 'Secret');


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