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@awly/raptor-cache

2.0.6 • Public • Published

raptor-cache

This module provides a caching layer that supports asynchronous reading and writing and it prevents duplicate work from being done by allowing a "hold" to be put on a cache entry. A common pattern when utilizing a cache is to read from the cache and to then build the cached value if it was not found in the cache. By putting a hold on a cache entry while its value is being built asynchronously, this caching layer can ensure that a value for a particular key is only built once by the current process. This module solves the challenges of working with asynchronous cache stores and provides out-of-box support for an in-memory cache and a disk-based cache. It is possible to provide a custom cache store that connects to a centralized cache such as Redis or memcached.

Installation

npm install raptor-cache --save

Example

var raptorCache = require('raptor-cache');
var cache = raptorCache.createCache({
    store: 'disk',
    timeToLive: 10000, // Permanently remove a cache entry after 10s (regardless of usage)
    timeToIdle: 7000, // Permanently remove a cache entry that has not been accessed for 7s
    freeDelay: 5000, // Free all memory after 5s of inactivity
    
    // Disk store specific config:
    dir: '.cache/my-cache',
    flushDelay: 1000, // Commit cached values to disk after 1s of no write activity
    encoding: 'utf8'
});
 
cache.get(
    'hello', // key
    function builder(callback) { // This function will be called if the value has not been cached
        setTimeout(function() {
            // Respond back with the value to put in the cache
            callback(null, 'world');
        }, 1000)
        
    },
    function callback(err, value) {
        // value === 'world'
    });
 
// Request a stream to read a value:
cache.getReadStream(
    'hello', // key
    function callback(err, stream) {
        stream.pipe(process.stdin); // pipes out 'world'
 
        // NOTE: Stream will be null if nothing was cached for key
    });

Cache Stores

Memory Store

Characteristics:

  • Every cache key and value is kept in memory
var raptorCache = require('raptor-cache');
var cache = raptorCache.createMemoryCache({
    ...
});

Disk Store (Combined File)

Characteristics:

  • An in-memory representation of all keys and all values is maintained at all times
  • The in-memory cache is backed by a disk cache that is stored in a single file
  • The cache file is read in its entirety the first time the cache is read or written to
  • Whenever the in-memory cache is modified, a flush is scheduled. If a flush had already been scheduled then it is cancelled so that flushes can be batched up. Essentially, after a x delay of no activity the in-memory cache is flushed to disk
  • Values cannot be null or undefined

NOTES:

  • This cache store is not suitable for storing very large amounts of data since it is all kept in memory

Configuration options:

  • flushDelay (int) - The amount of delay in ms after a modification to flush the updated cache to disk. -1 will disable autoamtic flushing. 0 will result in an immediate flush
var raptorCache = require('raptor-cache');
var cache = raptorCache.createDiskCache({
    dir: 'some/directory',
    singleFile: true,
    flushDelay: 1000,
    ...
});

Disk Store (Separate Files)

Characteristics:

  • Each cached value is stored in its own file (as raw bytes)
  • The cached values are not kept in memory (they can only be streamed from disk)
  • An index is maintained to keep up with what is in the cache
  • The entire index is kept in memory until the "free" delay is reached

Configuration options:

  • flushDelay (int) - The amount of delay in ms after a modification to flush the updated cache to disk. -1 will disable autoamtic flushing. 0 will result in an immediate flush
var raptorCache = require('raptor-cache');
var cache = raptorCache.createDiskCache({
    dir: 'some/directory',
    singleFile: false,
    flushDelay: 1000,
    ...
});

Composite Store

Characteristics:

  • One or more caches can be combined to produce a tiered cache
  • Cache keys are looked up in order
  • Cached values found in lower-tier caches are added to higher tiers
  • New cache entries are added to all tiers
  • Each individual cache can have its own settings

Configuration options:

  • caches (Array) - An ordered array of caches
var raptorCache = require('raptor-cache');
var cache = raptorCache.createCompositeCache({
    caches: [
        raptorCache.createMemoryCache(...),
        raptorCache.createDiskCache(...),
        ...
    ]
});

install

npm i @awly/raptor-cache

Downloadsweekly downloads

1

version

2.0.6

license

Apache-2.0

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

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