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    img-popout is a web component for letting users zoom in on a small image to see more details! Clicking on the image gives the user a full-screen view, somewhat modal-style.

    Live Demo:




    <script defer src=""></script>


    npm install @auroratide/img-popout

    And in your unbundled code, make sure to import the following:

    import '@auroratide/img-popout'


        <img src="my-image.png" alt="My Image" />

    That's basically it!

    But what if I want the popped-out image to be different?

    There's good reason to do this. Perhaps you want a small version to show the user first, and only show the larger, detailed version when desired. In this case, you can use a slot:

        <img src="small.png" alt="My Image" />
        <img slot="popped-out" src="big.png" loading="lazy" alt="My Image" />


    Variable Description Default
    --img-popout_bg Background for the image when it pops out rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.8)


    You can change the default transitions for all instances of img-popout by setting the following:

    ImgPopoutElement.defaultTransitions.out = myOutTransition = myInTransition

    ImgPopoutElement is defined on window.

    See the Live Demo for examples on how to set custom transitions.

    NOTE! out is by default an in-build popout animation. It must be non-null if you decide to override it!

    ANOTHER NOTE! If you do not set an in transition, by default it will use the reverse of the out transition.

    Transition Schema

    A transition is a function with the following signature:

    type Transition = (cover: HTMLElement, img: HTMLElement, main: HTMLElement) => {
        duration: number, // in milliseconds
        tick: (t: number, ctx: object) => void,
        easing?: (t: number) => number,
        context?: () => object,
        initialize?: (ctx: object) => void,
        finalize?: (ctx: object) => void,

    The function returns an object which defines, at minimum, the duration of the transition and what happens on each tick.

    cover, img, and main

    The parameters of the function represent different HTMLElements you can manipulate during the transition.

    • cover is a div that covers the user's screen; by default it's just a black background. It contains img.
    • img is the instance of the image that pops out when a user elects to view more details.
    • main is the image on the page which the user clicks to initiate the popout

    duration [required]

    Schema: number

    duration is how long the transition should last in milliseconds. It is required.

    tick [required]

    Schema: (t: number, ctx: object) => void

    tick is a function that is called on each tick of the transition. It is required.


    • t is a number between 0 and 1, representing the progress of the transition. 0 means the transition has just started, and 1 means the transition is finished. t = 0.5 means the transition is halfway through.
    • ctx is a context object created by the context function (more below).


    const myTransition = (cover, img, main) => ({
        tick: (t) => {
   = t.toString()


    Schema: (t: number) => number Default: (t) => t

    easing is a function that scales the parameter t of the tick function. By default, this parameter is linear, meaning the transition will happen smoothly over the course of the duration.

    This can be used to create different transition timings, like easing in then out, and so forth. provides a very useful list of different easing models and what functions create them.


    Schema: () => object Default: () => ({})

    context allows you to create an object that is passed to tick, initialize, and finalize. It can be useful for storing values that you do not want to recalculate on every tick.


    Schema: (ctx: object) => void Default: () => {}

    initialize is a function that runs right at the beginning of the transition, before the first tick.


    Schema: (ctx: object) => void Default: () => {}

    finalize is a function that runs right at the end of the transition, after the last tick.

    Customizing Individual Transitions

    Maybe you want different instances of img-popout to have different transition animations. Every img-popout element has a property called transition with two parts:

    • out for when an image is popping out of the page
    • in for when an image is popping back into the page

    In Javascript, as long as you have access to the element, you can set its transitions.

    element.transition.out = myOutTransition = myInTransition

    These will override the defaultTransitions for the applied element.


    img-popout is developed with accessibility in mind. Features include:

    • Keyboard Operation: When the image receives focus via Tab, Enter can be used to open/close the enlarged image
    • Tab Trapping: While the image is enlarged, tabbing keeps the focus within the dialog until it is dismissed

    Please leave an issue if there are any problems accessing this component by any means!


    npm i @auroratide/img-popout

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