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@asyncapi/parserTypeScript icon, indicating that this package has built-in type declarations

1.3.2 • Public • Published

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JavaScript Parser

Use this package to parse and validate AsyncAPI documents —either YAML or JSON— in your Node.js or browser application. Updated bundle for the browser is always attached to the GitHub Release.

npm npm

⚠️ This package doesn't support AsyncAPI 1.x anymore. We recommend to upgrade to the latest AsyncAPI version using the AsyncAPI converter. If you need to convert documents on the fly, you may use the Node.js or Go converters.


npm install @asyncapi/parser


Example passing inline AsyncAPI

const parser = require('@asyncapi/parser');

const doc = await parser.parse(`
  asyncapi: '2.0.0'
    title: Example
    version: '0.1.0'
            type: object
                type: string
                type: number
                type: string
                format: date-time

// => Example

Example passing a URL

const parser = require('@asyncapi/parser');

const doc = await parser.parseUrl('https://my.server.com/example-asyncapi.yaml');

// => Example

Example using Avro schemas

Head over to asyncapi/avro-schema-parser for more information.

Example using OpenAPI schemas

Head over to asyncapi/openapi-schema-parser for more information.

Example using RAML data types

Head over to asyncapi/raml-dt-schema-parser for more information.

API documentation

See API documentation for more example and full API reference information.

Custom message parsers

AsyncAPI doesn't enforce one schema format for messages. You can have payload of your messages described with OpenAPI, Avro, etc. This parser by default parses only AsyncAPI schema format. You can extend it by creating a custom parser and registering it withing the parser:

  1. Create custom parser module that exports two functions:
    module.exports = {
       * message {Object} is the object containing AsyncAPI Message property
       * defaultSchemaFormat {String} information about the default schema format mime type
       * schemaFormat {String} information about custom schemaFormat mime type provided in AsyncAPI Document
       * fileFormat {String} information if provided AsyncAPI Document was JSON or YAML
       * parsedAsyncAPIDocument {Object} Full AsyncAPI Document parsed into Object
       * pathToPayload {String} path of the message passed to the parser, relative to the root of AsyncAPI Document
      parse: ({ message, defaultSchemaFormat, originalAsyncAPIDocument, schemaFormat, fileFormat, parsedAsyncAPIDocument, pathToPayload }) => { /* custom parsing logic */ },
      getMimeTypes: () => [
        '//mime types that will be used as the `schemaFormat` property of the message to specify its mime type',
  2. Before parsing an AsyncAPI document with a parser, register the additional custom schema parser:
    const myCustomParser = require('mycustomParser');

Error types

This package throws a bunch of different error types. All errors contain a type (prefixed by this repo URL) and a title field. The following table describes all the errors and the extra fields they include:

Type Extra Fields Description
null-or-falsey-document None The AsyncAPI document is null or a JS "falsey" value.
invalid-document-type None The AsyncAPI document is not a string nor a JS object.
invalid-json detail, location The AsyncAPI document is not valid JSON.
invalid-yaml detail, location The AsyncAPI document is not valid YAML.
impossible-to-convert-to-json detail Internally, this parser only handles JSON so it tries to immediately convert the YAML to JSON. This error means this process failed.
missing-asyncapi-field parsedJSON The AsyncAPI document doesn't have the mandatory asyncapi field.
unsupported-version detail, parsedJSON, validationErrors The version of the asyncapi field is not supported. Typically, this means that you're using a version below 2.0.0.
dereference-error parsedJSON, refs This means the parser tried to resolve and dereference $ref's and the process failed. Typically, this means the $ref it's pointing to doesn't exist.
unexpected-error parsedJSON We have our code covered with try/catch blocks and you should never see this error. If you see it, please open an issue to let us know.
validation-errors parsedJSON, validationErrors The AsyncAPI document contains errors. See validationErrors for more information.
impossible-to-register-parser None Registration of custom message parser failed.
schema-validation-errors parsedJSON, validationErrors Schema of the payload provided in the AsyncAPI document is not valid with AsyncAPI schema format.

For more information about the ParserError class, check out the documentation.

Circular references

Parser dereferences all circular references by default. In addition, to simplify interactions with the parser, the following is added:

  • x-parser-circular property is added to the root of the AsyncAPI document to indicate that the document contains circular references. Tooling developer that doesn't want to support circular references can use the hasCircular() function to check the document and provide a proper message to the user.
  • x-parser-circular property is added to every schema of array type that is circular. To check if schema is circular or not, you should use isCircular() function on a Schema model like document.components().schema('RecursiveSelf').properties()['selfChildren'].isCircular().
  • x-parser-circular-props property is added to every schema of object type with a list of properties that are circular. To check if a schema has properties with circular references, you should use hasCircularProps() function. To get a list of properties with circular references, you should use circularProps() function.


  1. Write code and tests.
  2. Make sure all tests pass npm test
  3. Make sure code is well formatted and secure npm run lint

Release regenerates API documentation and browser bundle, so you do not have to regenerate it manually with npm run docs and npm run prepublishOnly.




Thanks goes to these wonderful people (emoji key):

Fran Méndez

💬 🐛 💻 📖 🤔 🚧 🔌 👀 ⚠️

Lukasz Gornicki

💬 🐛 💻 📖 🤔 🚧 👀 ⚠️

Jonas Lagoni

💬 🐛 💻 🤔 👀

Maciej Urbańczyk

🐛 💻 👀

Juan Mellado


James Crowley


raisel melian




Jürgen B.


This project follows the all-contributors specification. Contributions of any kind welcome!




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