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@apla/clickhouse

1.6.1 • Public • Published

Simple and powerful interface for ClickHouse travis codecov

npm install @apla/clickhouse

Synopsis

const ClickHouse = require('@apla/clickhouse')
const ch = new ClickHouse({ host, port, user, password })
 
const stream = ch.query("SELECT 1", (err, data) => {})
stream.pipe(process.stdout)
 
// promise interface, not recommended for selects
// (requires 'util.promisify' for node < 8, Promise shim for node < 4)
await ch.querying("CREATE DATABASE test")

Examples:

API

new ClickHouse(options: Options)

Options

required default description
host Host to connect.
user Authentication user.
password Authentication password.
path (pathname) / Pathname of ClickHouse server.
port 8123 Server port number.
protocol 'http:' 'https:' or 'http:'.
dataObjects false By default (false), you'll receive array of values for each row.
If you set dataObjects: true, every row will become an object with format: { fieldName: fieldValue, … }.
Alias to format: 'JSON'.
format JSONCompact Adds the FORMAT statement for query if it did not have one.
Specifies format of selected or inserted data.
See "Formats for input and output data" to find out possible values.
queryOptions Object, can contain any ClickHouse option from Settings, Restrictions and Permissions.
See example.
readonly false Tells driver to send query with HTTP GET method. Same as readonly=1 setting. More details.
timeout,
headers,
agent,
localAddress,
servername,
etc…
Any http.request or https.request options are also available.
Options example:
const ch = new ClickHouse({
  host: "clickhouse.msk",
  dataObjects: true,
  readonly: true,
  queryOptions: {
    profile: "web",
    database: "test",
  },
})

clickHouse.query(query, [options], [callback])

Sends a query statement to a server.

query: string

SQL query statement.

options: Options

The same Options, excluding connection options.

callback: (error, result) => void

Will be called upon completion.

Returns: DuplexStream

It supports .pipe to process records.
You should have at least one error handler listening. Via query callback or via stream error event.

Stream event Description
metadata When a column information is parsed.
data When a row is available.
end When entire response is processed.
error Query execution finished with error.
If you have both query callback and stream error listener, you'll have error notification in both listeners.
stream.supplemental

After response is processed, you can read a supplemental response data from it, such as row count.

Examples:

clickHouse.ping(callback)

Sends an empty query. Doesn't requires authorization.

callback: (error, result) => void

Will be called upon completion.


Promise interface

Promise interface is not recommended for INSERT and SELECT queries.

  • INSERT can't do bulk load data with promise interface.
  • SELECT will collect entire query result in the memory. See the Memory size section.

With promise interface query result are parsed synchronously. This means that large query result in promise interface:

  • Will synchronously block JS thread/event loop.
  • May lead to memory leaks in your app due peak GC loads.

Use it only for queries where resulting data size is is known and extremely small.
The good cases to use it is DESCRIBE TABLE or EXISTS TABLE

clickHouse.querying(query, [options])

Similar to ch.query(query) but collects entire response in memory and resolves with complete query result.
See the Memory size section.

options: Options

The same Options, excluding connection options.

Returns: Promise

Will be resolved with entire query result.

Example of promise interface.

clickHouse.pinging()

Promise interface for .ping.

Returns: Promise

How it works

Bulk data loading with INSERT statements

INSERT can be used for bulk data loading. There is a 2 formats easily implementable with javascript: CSV and TabSeparated/TSV.

CSV is useful for loading from file, thus you can read and .pipe into clickhouse file contents.
To activate CSV parsing you should set format driver option or query FORMAT statement to CSV:

 
var csvStream = fs.createReadStream('data.csv')
var clickhouseStream = ch.query(statement, { format: CSV })
 
csvStream.pipe(clickhouseStream)
 

TSV is useful for loading from file and bulk loading from external sources, such as other databases. Only \\, \t and \n need to be escaped in strings; numbers, nulls, bools and date objects need some minor processing. You can send prepared TSV data strings (line ending will be appended automatically), buffers (always passed as is) or Arrays with fields.

Internally, every field will be converted to the format which ClickHouse can accept. Then escaped and joined with delimiter for the particular format. If you ever need to store rows (in arrays) and send preformatted data, you can do it.

ClickHouse also supports JSONEachRow format which can be useful to insert javascript objects if you have such recordset.

const stream = ch.query(statement, { format: 'JSONEachRow' })
 
stream.write(object) // Do write as many times as possible
stream.end() // And don't forget to finish insert query

Memory size

You can read all the records into memory in single call like this:

 
var ch = new ClickHouse({ host: host, port: port })
ch.querying("SELECT number FROM system.numbers LIMIT 10", (err, result) => {
  // result will contain all the data you need
})
 

In this case whole JSON response from the server will be read into memory, then parsed into memory hogging your CPU. Default parser will parse server response line by line and emits events. This is slower, but much more memory and CPU efficient for larger datasets.


Examples

Selecting with stream:

const readableStream = ch.query(
  'SELECT * FROM system.contributors FORMAT JSONEachRow',
  (err, result) => {},
)
const writableStream = fs.createWriteStream('./contributors.json')
readableStream.pipe(writableStream)

Inserting with stream:

const readableStream = fs.createReadStream('./x.csv')
const writableStream = ch.query('INSERT INTO table FORMAT CSV', (err, result) => {})
readableStream.pipe(writableStream)

Insert single row of data:

const ch = new ClickHouse(options)
const writableStream = ch.query(`INSERT INTO table FORMAT TSV`, (err) => {
  console.log('Insert complete!')
})
 
// data will be formatted for you
writableStream.write([1, 2.22, "erbgwerg", new Date()])
 
// prepare data yourself
writableStream.write("1\t2.22\terbgwerg\t2017-07-17 17:17:17")
 
writableStream.end()
 

Selecting large dataset:

const ch = new ClickHouse(options)
// it is better to use stream interface to fetch select results
const stream = ch.query("SELECT * FROM system.numbers LIMIT 10000000")
 
stream.on('metadata', (columns) => { /* do something with column list */ })
 
let rows = []
stream.on('data', (row) => rows.push(row))
 
stream.on('error', (err) => { /* handler error */ })
 
stream.on('end', () => {
  console.log(
    rows.length,
    stream.supplemental.rows,
    stream.supplemental.rows_before_limit_at_least, // how many rows in result are set without windowing
  )
})

Inserting large dataset:

const ch = new ClickHouse(options)
// insert from file
const tsvStream = fs.createReadStream('data.tsv')
const clickhouseStream = ch.query('INSERT INTO table FORMAT TSV')
 
tsvStream.pipe(clickhouseStream)

Settings for connection:

const ch = new ClickHouse({
  host: 'clickhouse.msk',
  queryOptions: {
    database: "test",
    profile: "web",
    readonly: 2,
    force_index_by_date: 1,
    max_rows_to_read: 10 * 1e6,
  },
})

Settings for query:

const ch = new ClickHouse({ host: 'clickhouse.msk' })
const stream = ch.query('INSERT INTO table FORMAT TSV', {
  queryOptions: {
    database: "test",
    insert_quorum: 2,
  },
})

Promise interface:

const ch = new ClickHouse(options)
// Check connection to server. Doesn't requires authorization.
await ch.pinging()
const { data } = await ch.querying("SELECT 1")
// [ [ 1 ] ]
const { data } = await ch.querying("DESCRIBE TABLE system.numbers", { dataObjects: true })
// [ { name: 'number', type: 'UInt64', default_type: '', default_expression: '' } ]

Install

npm i @apla/clickhouse

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

17,714

Version

1.6.1

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

230 kB

Total Files

19

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