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    @apantle/awsome-factory-associator

    2.2.1 • Public • Published

    The Awesome Factory Associator

    npm version codebeat badge Maintainability Test Coverage License: MIT

    Dependencies DevDependencies

    Provides a syntax to define factories with any kind of association. Helping you create models and the environment needed for each test with inline awesome configuration.

    Tests bootstrap loading of models based on sails-hook-sequelize. Now it can be used with any project using sequelize without forcing to install or lift sails.

    Using as base the code of module sails-industrial-factories for the attributes creation.

    Setup

    Requirements

    • Sequelize

    Definition

    The javascript files inside the folder test/factory, will contain the definitions. We advise you to make one file for each model which will export the factories regarding such model.

    Factory name

    factory.define(factoryName, Model)

    • factoryName: A String which defines the name used for creations
    • Model: References the model
    module.exports = function (factory) {
      factory.define('ticketFact', Ticket);
    };

    Attributes

    .attr(attributeName, value, options)

    • attributeName: A String which references the name of the attribute. If an attribute must be unique, we advise you to use faker or auto-increment to avoid creation Errors.
    • value: The default value used in creations. If the value is a function it will be called in each creation to generate the final value. This value can be overwritten on each creation.
    • options: An optional object indicating some of the following options.
      • auto_increment: For every definition creation, the specified value will increase by the number indicated in the auto_increment option, starting at the initial value given. Sequence is shared among parent and children if not overwritten. If value is a string, it will add the sequence number at the end of the string starting in 1.
    factory
      .define('ticketFact', Ticket)
      .attr('seat', '22A')
      .attr('code', 1, { auto_increment: 1 }) //adds 1 to each creation
      .attr('price', function () {
        return Math.round(100 * Math.random());
      }); //price must be random

    Usage

    To use this module it must be required in your file

    const factory = require('awsome-factory-associator');

    For factories to be defined you have to load them using the following command once. We advise you to do so in the bootstrap.test.js file.

    factory.load();
    Create

    .create(factoryName, options) Asynchoronous function to create a new model object.

    • factoryName: The name of the factory to be used
    • options: Object with options to rewrite default attributes and associations.

    This function will return a promise with the createdModel.

    factory.create('ticketFact'); //Creates a ticket with the default seat and price and code 1(inital value).
    
    factory.create('ticketFact', { seat: '1F' }); //Creates a ticket with the default price but seat 1F and code 2(inital value + 1).

    Parent

    parent This option reuses all the parent attributes and associations.

    .parent(parentFactoryName)

    • parentFactoryName: The name of the parents factory. Each attribute and associations can be overwritten in the current factory.
    factory
      .define('ticketFact', Ticket)
      .attr('seat', '22A')
      .attr('price', function () {
        return Math.round(100 * Math.random());
      });
    
    factory.define('ticketWithLevel', Ticket).parent('ticketFact').attr('level', 1);
    //The created definition will have the attribute seat and a random price generated on the creation

    BelongsToOne Associations

    assoc works for hasOne and hasMany associations in the model associated. Used for n - 1 and 1 - 1 associations.

    .assoc(as, factoryName, options)

    • as: A String which references the as value to refer to the associated model. In case there is no as defined, the associated model name will work.
    • factoryName: The default name of the factory used to create the associated model. Can be overwritten in options using the key _factoryName.
    • options: An optional object which will define the defaults to be passed in the factory creation as main options. More details can be found in the section Options Object
    Ticket.belongsTo(Sale, {
      foreignKey: 'sale_key'
    }),
      Sale.hasMany(Ticket, {
        foreignKey: 'sale_key'
      });
    factory.define('saleFact', Sale).attr('total', 120);
    
    factory
      .define('ticketFact', Ticket)
      .attr('seat', '22A')
      .attr('price', 30)
      .assoc('Sale', 'saleFact', { total: 30 });
    Usage
    factory.create('ticketFact'); //Creates a ticket and a sale

    It will first create the associated model (Sale) and pass its id as value of the foreignKeyName (sale_key) param.

    Options Object

    The following options are available for any association type.

    Passing and id in options.

    When the object to associate has already been crated its id can be passed in the options object using the as key or the foreignKey. When an id is passed no additional object creation will be made. In this example the sale is already created and its id is passed to the ticket creation.

    factory
      .create('saleFact', { total: 10 }) //Crates a sale and return the promise
      .then((saleCreated) => {
        factory.create('ticketFact', { Sale: saleCreated.id }); //Uses the sale already created
      })
      .catch((err) => {
        // Handle error
      });

    Only one sale will be crated in the previous example.

    In this case the foreignKey can be used instead of the association. Foreign Keys will always overwrite any other association defined.

    factory
      .create('saleFact', { total: 10 }) //Crates a sale and return the promise
      .then((saleCreated) => {
        factory.create('ticketFact', { sale_key: saleCreated.id }); //Uses the sale already created
      })
      .catch((err) => {
        //Handle error
      });
    Passing options for associated model.

    With the options object the associated model attributes can be modified, by sending an object with the options as value of the as key. This options will overwrite and be added to the defaults.

    factory.create('ticketFact', { Sale: { total: 100, date: '2018-2-1' } });

    In this case when creating the sale defined in the ticketFact definition using the saleFact factory, the object {total:100,date:'2018-2-1'} will be passed as options for this creation. This will create a ticket associated with a sale with total 100(rewriting the default 30), and with date 2018-2-1.

    Overwriting factory name

    The associated model can be created using a different factory by adding the attribute _factoryName to the options for the associated model.

    factory.create('ticketFact', {
      Sale: { _factoryName: 'saleIncomplte', total: 0 }
    });

    In this case the created sale will use the factory saleIncomplte configuration.

    New Associations on creation

    In each creation new associations can be added in the options even if not specified in the factory definition. In this case the attribute _factoryName is required in the options.

    factory.create('ticketFact', { Discount: { _factoryName: 'discountFac' } });

    BelongsToMany Associations

    assocMany works for n - m associations.

    .assocMany(as, factoryName, optionsArray)

    • as: A String which references the as value to refer to the associated model. In case there is no as defined, the associated model in its plural form will work.
    • factoryName: The default name of the factory used to create the associated models. Can be overwritten in options using the key _factoryName.
    • options: An array of Options object. Each element of this array will trigger a creation of one associated model. This elements can use the options explored before. If a value passed is {} it will imply a creation without passing any options. Options might also be an object instead of an array, indicating the number of elements to create with the key _size and the default options for each creation.
    Salesman.belongsToMany(Store, {
      as: 'StoreHired',
      through: 'SalesmanStore', //Table Name not used
      foreignKey: 'salesman_id' //Not used
    }),
      Store.belongsToMany(Salesman, {
        through: 'SalesmanStore', //Table Name not used
        foreignKey: 'store_id' //Not used
      });
    factory.define('salesmanOne', Salesman).attr('name', 'Pedro');
    
    factory
      .define('storeWithSalesmans', Store)
      .attr('city', 'London')
      .assocMany('Salesmans', 'salesmanOne', []);
    //Since no as is defined will use plural form of Salesman

    Take notice that with an empty optionsArray no related model will be created, in order to create at least a related model using its factory, give it an empty object (using the defaults in that), if you need to override an option, give it what you want overriden:

    factory.define('storeFact', Store).attr('city', 'London');
    
    factory
      .define('salesmanFact', Salesman)
      .attr('name', 'Paco')
      .assocMany('StoreHired', 'storeFact', [{ city: 'Paris' }, {}]);
    //If no as is defined, use Store plural form (Stores) instead of StoreHired

    In this example two connected models are created:

    • first with city attribute set to "Paris",
    • other with all the defaults set in storeFact factory
    Usage
    factory.create('salesmanFact');

    It will first create the Salesman model, when this is created, it will create the associated models using the factory storeFact, one model passing {city:"Paris"}as options, and another one without passing additional options. Once all the stores are created, using the function setStoreHireds(This function is provided by Sequelize) with the ids of the created stores, it will set the stores for the salemsman created in the first step.

    Passing array of options

    The options of the association definition can be overwritten in the creation with an array or an object as indicated in the options field defined above.

    To pass options for a multiple association the key used must be the as string used in the factory definition.

    factory.create('salesmanFact', { StoreHired: [{ city: 'Tokio' }] });

    This will create a store with city Tokio, Overwriting the default array with Paris. Then create the salesman and associated such point of sale.

    factory.create('salesmanFact', { StoreHired: [{}, 1] });

    In this case the first store's city will be London as defined in the factory storeFact options. The second will refer to an existent store with id 1.

    factory.create('salesmanFact', { StoreHired: { _size: 10, city: 'Mexico' } });

    In this case it will create 10 Stores all using Mexico as city, and the default options of the factory storeFact. After that it will create the Salesman, associating every store with it.

    HasOne Associations

    assocAfter works for 1 - {0,1} associations. This is used in case the associated model requires the current model for its creation.

    .assocAfter(as, factoryName, options)

    • as: A String which references the as value to refer to the associated model. In case there is no as defined, the associated model name will work.
    • factoryName: The default name of the factory used to create the associated model. Can be overwritten in options using the key _factoryName.
    • options: An optional object which will define the defaults to be passed in the factory creation as main options. More details can be found in the section Options Object
    Ticket.hasOne(Discount, {
      as: 'MainDiscount',
      foreignKey: {
        name: 'ticket_key',
        allowNull: false //Discount can not be created without ticket
      }
    }),
      Discount.belongsTo(Ticket, {
        foreignKey: {
          name: 'ticket_key',
          allowNull: false //Discount can not be created without ticket
        }
      });
    factory.define('discountFact', Discount).attr('percentage', 20);
    
    factory
      .define('ticketFactDiscount', Ticket)
      .assocAfter('Discount', 'discountFact'); //In this case no options is required
    Usage
    factory.create('salesmanFact');

    When using assocAfter the main model (Ticket) will be created first, this way we have the ticket id(For definition 23). After its creation the associated model(Discount) will be created using the factoryName(discountFact) and setting the id of the created ticket using the foreignKey(ticket_key) adding {ticket_key:23} to the options object. Since no options are passed it will use the values defined in the first factory. Creating a ticket associated to a discount.

    Passing options

    To pass options for this association the key used must be the as string used in the factory definition. The value must be an object to overwrite the default. In this case you can not use an id as options, since the associated model, if already created, must be related to another model.

    factory.create('ticketFactDiscount', {
      seat: '1B',
      Credit: { percentage: 50 }
    });

    Creates a ticket with seat 1B. Then using the id of the ticket created creates a discount with factory discountFact passing the options {percentage:50,ticket_key:X} where X is the id of the created ticket.

    HasMany Associations

    assocManyAfter works for 1 - n associations. This is can be used in case the associated model requires the current model for its creation.

    .assocManyAfter(as, factoryName, optionsArray)

    • as: A String which references the as value to refer to the associated model. In case there is no as defined, the associated model in its plural form will work.
    • factoryName: The default name of the factory used to create the associated model. Can be overwritten in options using the key _factoryName.
    • optionsArray: An array of Options object (Using an id as option is not supported in this association). Each element of this array will trigger a creation of one associated model. This elements can use the options explored before. If a value passed is {} it will imply a creation without passing any options. Options might also be an object instead of an array, indicating de number of elements to create and the default options for each creation.
    Ticket.belongsTo(Sale, {
      foreignKey: 'sale_key'
    }),
      Sale.hasMany(Ticket, {
        foreignKey: 'sale_key'
      });
    factory
      .define('saleFactWithTickets', Sale)
      .attr('total', 120)
      .assocManyAfter('Tickets', 'ticketFactNoSale', [
        { price: 120 / 2 },
        { price: 120 / 2 }
      ]);
    
    factory.define('ticketFactNoSale', Ticket);
    Usage

    It works just as assocAfter but passing an array of options as illustrated in asscoMany, but in this case ids can not be passed in the array.

    factory.create('saleFactWithTickets', {
      Tickets: [{ seat: '1A' }, { seat: '1B' }]
    });

    When using assocManyAfter the first model (Sale) will be created first, this way we have the sale id(For instace 4). After its creation the associeated models(Ticket) will be created using the factoryName(ticketFactNoSale) and setting the id of the created ticket using the foreignKey(sale_key) adding {sale_key:4} to the options object in each creation. Hence, the creation options for the first ticket will be {seat:"1A",sale_key:4} and for the second {seat:"1B",sale_key:4}. Creating two tickets associated with the same sale.

    Reusing models

    When defining a factory or setting the options, you might want to use a model already created during this process.

    Definition

    Using the $ symbol you can set a name for the model already created {$:name}, and use the name to refer to it {key:'$name.attribute'}.

    In this example we continue with the last idea of a sale with tickets, but in this case we want both tickets in the sale to be related to the same passenger.

    Passenger.hasMany(Ticket, {
      foreignKey: 'passenger_key'
    });
    Ticket.belongsTo(Sale, {
      foreignKey: 'sale_key'
    }),
      Ticket.belongsTo(Passenger, {
        foreignKey: 'passenger_key'
      }),
      Sale.hasMany(Ticket, {
        foreignKey: 'sale_key'
      });
    factory.define('passengerFact', Passenger).attr('name', faker.name.firstName); //Use faker to create a random name
    
    factory
      .define('ticketFactPassengerNoSale', Ticket)
      .assoc('Passenger', 'passengerFact');
    
    factory
      .define('saleFactWithTicketsAndPassenger', Sale)
      .attr('total', 120)
      .assocManyAfter('Ticket', 'ticketFactNoSale', [
        { $: 'ticketOne' },
        { Passenger: '$ticketOne.passenger_key' }
      ]);
    
    /**
     * You can also use the foreignKey, but beware that the defined model in the assoc will be
     * created even if it is overwritten by the key. In the previous example the new model
     * is not created since the association is overwritten.
     **/
    
    factory
      .define('saleFactWithTicketsAndPassenger', Sale)
      .attr('total', 120)
      .assocManyAfter('Ticket', 'ticketFactNoSale', [
        { $: 'ticketOne' },
        { passenger_key: '$ticketOne.passenger_key' }
      ]);
    
    /**
     * The save option '$' can also be used when using _size.
     * in this case the each saved model will use the $ value as prefix adding
     * a number starting in 0.
     **/
    
    factory
      .define('saleFactWithTicketsSaved', Sale)
      .attr('total', 120)
      .assocManyAfter('Ticket', 'ticketFactNoSale', { _size: 2, $: 'ticket-' });

    By setting {$:"ticketOne"} we can refer to such ticket in the creation of the second ticket, to use his passenger and link both tickets to the same passenger.

    Saved models can be used when defining attributes or options. A string must be used as value, such string must start with $ followed by the name of the saved definition. Afterwards, the definition can be used to obtain an attribute or call a synchronus function defined in your model.

    The definitions are saved right after they are created. Hence, make sure the definition is already created when using it.

    In order to refer to the main model created we can use $root, this is a reserved name for this model.

    By using $root we are able to refer to the sale total, and use it to set the price of each ticket.

    All the saved models will be returned in the created object inside the attriute $.

    factory
      .create('saleFactWithTicketsAndPassenger', {
        total: faker.random.number,
        Ticket: [{ price: '$root.total' / 2 }, { price: '$root.total' / 2 }]
      })
      .then((createdSale) => {
        // createdSale.$ = {
        //   passangerName: //The passenger model created
        // }
      });
    
    factory.create('saleFactWithTicketsSaved').then((createdSale) => {
      //cratedSale.$ will contain the keys ticket-0 and ticket-1 with the saved tickets
    });

    Infinite Loops

    When defining and using factories it is important to verify no loops are crated. Since this will take the creation into an infinite loop.

    Example of definition with loops

    factory
      .define('salesmanWithStores', Salesman)
      .assocMany('Store', 'storeWithSalesman', [{}]);
    
    factory
      .define('storeWithSalesman', Salesman)
      .assocMany('Store', 'salesmanWithStores', [{}]);
    factory.create('salesmanWithStores'); //Infinite loop

    Since the factory salesmanWithStores creates a store using the factory storeWithSalemsman, which creates a sale using this same factory salesmanWithStores, each creation will create one of the other. Hence, this function will never return.

    Extra configurations

    Loading factories

    Unique

    When using the same factory more than one time the models creation might fail due to uniqueness issues. This is why we advise you to use faker when defining unique attributes. Even by using random data, it can fail by chance. To avoid such errors the creation of a model can be retried in case of uniqueness error.

    The number of times the creation will be retried can be configured in config/local.js or environment var AFA_RETRIES:

    factory: {
      creationRetries: 3;
    }

    The default value is 1.

    In order to get in your logs the output of retries (and in case the retrying failed, the final error), you must use the environment var DEBUG=awsome-factory to get a nice output of the reason of the fail.

    Install

    npm i @apantle/awsome-factory-associator

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    14

    Version

    2.2.1

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    78.1 kB

    Total Files

    29

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • jefrancomix