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    0.17.0 • Public • Published

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    @mswjs/interceptors

    Low-level HTTP/HTTPS/XHR/fetch request interception library.

    Intercepts any requests issued by:

    • http.get/http.request
    • https.get/https.request
    • XMLHttpRequest
    • fetch
    • Any third-party libraries that use the modules above (i.e. request, node-fetch, supertest, etc.)

    Motivation

    While there are a lot of network communication mocking libraries, they tend to use request interception as an implementation detail, giving you a high-level API that includes request matching, timeouts, retries, and so forth.

    This library is a strip-to-bone implementation that provides as little abstraction as possible to execute arbitrary logic upon any request. It's primarily designed as an underlying component for high-level API mocking solutions such as Mock Service Worker.

    How is this library different?

    A traditional API mocking implementation in Node.js looks roughly like this:

    import http from 'http'
    
    function applyMock() {
      // Store the original request module.
      const originalHttpRequest = http.request
    
      // Rewrite the request module entirely.
      http.request = function (...args) {
        // Decide whether to handle this request before
        // the actual request happens.
        if (shouldMock(args)) {
          // If so, never create a request, respond to it
          // using the mocked response from this blackbox.
          return coerceToResponse.bind(this, mock)
        }
    
        // Otherwise, construct the original request
        // and perform it as-is (receives the original response).
        return originalHttpRequest(...args)
      }
    }

    This library deviates from such implementation and uses class extensions instead of module rewrites. Such deviation is necessary because, unlike other solutions that include request matching and can determine whether to mock requests before they actually happen, this library is not opinionated about the mocked/bypassed nature of the requests. Instead, it intercepts all requests and delegates the decision of mocking to the end consumer.

    class NodeClientRequest extends ClientRequest {
      async end(...args) {
        // Check if there's a mocked response for this request.
        // You control this in the "resolver" function.
        const mockedResponse = await resolver(isomorphicRequest)
    
        // If there is a mocked response, use it to respond to this
        // request, finalizing it afterward as if it received that
        // response from the actual server it connected to.
        if (mockedResponse) {
          this.respondWith(mockedResponse)
          this.finish()
          return
        }
    
        // Otherwise, perform the original "ClientRequest.prototype.end" call.
        return super.end(...args)
      }
    }

    By extending the native modules, this library actually constructs requests as soon as they are constructed by the consumer. This enables all the request input validation and transformations done natively by Node.js—something that traditional solutions simply cannot do (they replace http.ClientRequest entirely). The class extension allows to fully utilize Node.js internals instead of polyfilling them, which results in more resilient mocks.

    What this library does

    This library extends (or patches, where applicable) the following native modules:

    • http.get/http.request
    • https.get/https.request
    • XMLHttpRequest
    • fetch

    Once extended, it intercepts and normalizes all requests to the isomorphic request instances. The isomorphic request is an abstract representation of the request coming from different sources (ClientRequest, XMLHttpRequest, window.Request, etc.) that allows us to handle such requests in the same, unified manner.

    You can respond to an isomorphic request using an isomorphic response. In a similar way, the isomorphic response is a representation of the response to use for different requests. Responding to requests differs substantially when using modules like http or XMLHttpRequest. This library takes the responsibility for coercing isomorphic responses into appropriate responses depending on the request module automatically.

    What this library doesn't do

    • Does not provide any request matching logic;
    • Does not decide how to handle requests.

    Getting started

    npm install @mswjs/interceptors

    API

    Individual interceptors

    There are multiple individual interceptors exported from this library:

    • ClientRequestInterceptor
    • XMLHttpRequestInterceptor
    • FetchInterceptor

    All aforementioned interceptors implement the same HTTP request interception contract, meaning that they allow you to handle intercepted requests in the same way, regardless of the request origin (http/XMLHttpRequest/fetch).

    To use multiple interceptors at once, consider BatchInterceptor.

    import { ClientRequestInterceptor } from '@mswjs/interceptors/lib/interceptors/ClientRequest'
    
    const interceptor = new ClientRequestInterceptor()
    interceptor.on('request', (request) => {
      // Introspect request or mock its response
      // via "request.respondWith()".
    })

    BatchInterceptor

    Applies multiple request interceptors at the same time.

    import { BatchInterceptor } from '@mswjs/interceptors'
    import nodeInterceptors from '@mswjs/interceptors/lib/presets/node'
    
    const interceptor = BatchInterceptor({
      name: 'my-interceptor',
      interceptors: nodeInterceptors,
    })
    
    interceptor.on('request', (request) => {
      // Inspect the intercepted "request".
      // Optionally, return a mocked response.
    })

    Using the /presets/node interceptors preset is the recommended way to ensure all requests get intercepted, regardless of their origin.

    RemoteHttpInterceptor

    Enables request interception in the current process while delegating the response resolution logic to the parent process. Requires the current process to be a child process. Requires the parent process to establish a resolver by calling the createRemoteResolver function.

    // child.js
    import { RemoteHttpInterceptor } from '@mswjs/interceptors/lib/RemoteHttpInterceptor'
    import { ClientRequestInterceptor } from '@mswjs/interceptors/lib/interceptors/ClientRequest'
    
    const interceptor = new RemoteHttpInterceptor({
      // Alternatively, you can use presets.
      interceptors: [new ClientRequestInterceptor()],
    })
    
    interceptor.apply()
    
    process.on('disconnect', () => {
      interceptor.dispose()
    })

    You can still listen to and handle any requests in the child process via the request event listener. Keep in mind that a single request can only be responded to once.

    RemoteHttpResolver

    Resolves an intercepted request in the given child process. Requires for that child process to enable request interception by calling the createRemoteInterceptor function.

    // parent.js
    import { spawn } from 'child_process'
    import { RemoteHttpResolver } from '@mswjs/interceptors/lib/RemoteHttpInterceptor'
    
    const appProcess = spawn('node', ['app.js'], {
      stdio: ['inherit', 'inherit', 'inherit', 'ipc'],
    })
    
    const resolver = new RemoteHttpResolver({
      process: appProcess,
    })
    
    resolver.on('request', (request) => {
      // Optionally, return a mocked response
      // for a request that occurred in the "appProcess".
    })

    Methods

    apply

    Applies interceptor, enabling the interception of requests in the current process.

    interceptor.apply()

    The same interceptor can be applied multiple times. If that happens, each subsequent interceptor instance will reusing a single running instance instead of applying itself repeatedly. Each interceptor instance should still be disposed individually.

    on

    Listens to the interceptor events.

    Each interceptor decides what event map to implement. Currently, all exported interceptors implement an HTTP request event map that consists of the following events:

    • request, signals when a new request happens;
    • response, signals when a response was sent.
    interceptor.on('request', (request) => {
      console.log('[%s] %s', request.method, request.url.toString())
    })
    
    interceptor.on('response', (request, response) => {
      console.log(
        'Received response to [%s] %s:',
        request.method,
        request.url.href,
        response
      )
    })

    dispose

    Disposes of the applied interceptor. This cleans up all the side-effects introduced by the interceptor (i.e. restores augmented modules).

    interceptor.dispose()

    Special mention

    The following libraries were used as an inspiration to write this low-level API:

    Install

    npm i 95thinterceptors

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    2

    Version

    0.17.0

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    377 kB

    Total Files

    188

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • vargwin